is believed that the melon - a source of trouble for the gardener, but it is better to regard them as a sweet reward for the work invested.Grow melons organic methods are not so difficult if you have selected the correct grade, pay due attention to the soil, irrigation, fertilizers, and always on the lookout for pests and diseases.
Selecting the .Melons must be bright sun, good drainage and air circulation.In addition, when choosing a place we must recall what plants grown there before.Melons are sick more often, if, after growing cucumbers or pumpkins, but you can avoid this by entering the rotation.As a precursor not suitable as potatoes, peppers, tomatoes and eggplant that Fusarium wilt sick and pass it on melons.
Soil Preparation .The melon should form an extensive network of roots to grow vigorous shoots that can give a large crop of fruit.Healthy roots grow best in soil rich in organic material
Soil preparation begins long before the landing.Determine its pH and fertility.Melons prefer a soil with a pH of 6.0-6.8, which gives them access to the best calcium.Before digging in the garden make a mature compost layer of 5-7 cm. It delivers nutrients, it helps to align the soil moisture and saturate it with oxygen.
Shelter .For fruiting melons need warm soil (+ 21-27 ° C).And before planting the plants earth's temperature must not be below +15 ° C.It is better to use high beds where the soil dries quickly in the spring and is heated.Growers of the northern regions with prolonged cold spring is necessary to two - three weeks before planting spread on beds black plastic film.
use of nonwovens (lutrasil, spunbond) for shelter and seedling sprouts increases the temperature of the air and soil.
In early summer, the shelter is also serves as a barrier between plants and insects carrying the disease.It is especially effective against striped cucumber bug and white Krylkov.Shelter removed only if a melon is necessary to prevent insect pollinators.Make it better, after the female flowers unfold.If you pollinate the flowers by hand, you can leave the shelter for the entire season.
Proper planting .In areas with warm climates melon seeds can be planted in beds as soon as the soil warms up, and the territory of a cold spring and short summer, they should be sown in peat pots for two - four weeks before planting.In the open ground seeds Plant in groups of five - six of them on the earthen mounds height of about 30 cm and a width of 60-90 cm. This will provide better drainage.If you use seedlings, the Plant two or three plants on the knoll.
Remember that the melon is necessary for the growth of space: the melon for the distance between the hillocks in a row should be 45-60 cm between rows - 120-180 cm for watermelon - 30-60 cm more.
Care .The taste of melon depends on nutrition and sunlight.It needs about 25 mm of rain in a week.Plants should be watered by hand or by drip irrigation, as wetting the leaves can cause an outbreak corner blotch and powdery mildew.
small afternoon wilting leaves is the norm, but fading them in the morning indicates a shortage of water.The excess of its dangerous late in the season, because the melon can accumulate water, which dissolves the sugar in the fruit and causes them to crack.Most
melons during growth require additional nitrogen.Dissolve one tablespoon of fish emulsion in four liters of water and this solution weekly watering the plants while they are still young.It is also good to spray their preparations seaweed.It is important not to overfeed and do not fill the plant.
Disease Prevention .Powdery mildew - it is not a death sentence for the plant.It is important to begin treatment, removing the affected parts.Sprinkle compost "tea", or baking soda (for 1 liter of water add 1 teaspoon of baking soda and 1/4 teaspoon of vegetable oil) to help fight this disease.
Insect .Melons are often the prey of insects, especially if the plant is experiencing stress.For security, you can use the covering materials.Efficiency and reflective mulch.Scientists from the University of California have proven that it inhibits the spread of aphids that carry cucumber mosaic virus.
maturation and harvesting .There is a method for determining the maturity of melon, if hit by its fruit, and he is taken away from the whip, then matured.Fully ripe melon is very perishable.The easier it is separated from the whip, the earlier must be eaten (within two days).Density, appearance and flavor can also be signs of maturity.
for net varieties of melon peel inside the grid during the maturation changes color from green to yellow.Now there are varieties and hybrids of melons, bred specifically for central Russia: Scythian Gold, Ozhzhen, Galileo, Milenium, Iroquois.They are resistant to temperature changes, provide good yields and quality fruits.
better to leave three - four ovaries (the rest of the flowers should be cut short) to provide early and large fruit.