The main culprit of this historic event - the talented French breeder André Guillot.It was he who brought the first hybrid tea variety - "of La France», which means not only the emergence of another garden group - was the beginning of the era of modern roses.Breeders of the XX century have focused mainly on modern garden groups - a total of thirteen.
What is the fundamental difference between the modern roses from the magnificent old park, the selection of which took thousands of years?The main thing - time and the time of flowering.If specific and vintage garden roses bloom once a year (sometimes two, but not abundant), the most contemporary - two times or continuously, from May to November.The most popular modern garden groups remain hybrid tea and floribunda roses group.
hybrid tea roses turned in by crossing remontant with tea.They are distinguished by the richness of colors and elegant, large (8-16 cm), flowers - more elongated goblet shaped, double (15-100 petals), solitary or in small inflorescences.Most varieties has a pleasant aroma.Bushes straight, sometimes spreading - in height from 60 to 120 cm. The peculiarity of this group of varieties - reddish color of the young leaves and shoots grow back.
To modern roses are climbing - and large-melkotsvetkovye.The structure melkotsvetkovyh pletistyh includes two groups: multiflora rose hybrid and hybrid roses vihurany (previously these groups united under the general name - Rambler).Melkotsvetkovye climbing roses - it creepers with long (up to 5 m), flexible creeping shoots, requiring support.The flowers are small (2-4 cm), bath or nemahrovye, slightly fragrant, collected in large inflorescences delicate, mostly pink, crimson red and white colors.They bloom only once, but continuously, for 30-45 days, the entire length of the overwintered shoots (last year).Well propagated by cuttings.
Large-rose are more large flowers (4-12 cm) collected in small loose inflorescences.The shape of flowers reminiscent of many varieties of hybrid tea.This group of climbing roses bloom on shoots of the past and the current year, which means that a small freezing of winter does not affect the flowering.Most varieties bloom again characterized by strong growth (up to 2 m or more), abundant and long-flowering, winter hardiness, it requires support.
To date undersized group includes polyanthus rose and replaced them tiny.Polyanthus roses - with small flowers (3-4 cm), pink, red, white, sometimes orange.The typical yellow color roses polyanthas not.The flowers are collected in many-flowered inflorescences large.Bushes are low (30-50 cm), bushy, compact.
Miniature roses different small flowers, very diverse in color, profuse flowering and low shrubs.In a new group of varieties of mini-flora larger flowers.Miniature and polyanthus roses breed well cuttings.
Hybrids rose moyezi (Hybrid Moyesii) evolved from R Moyesii Hemsl, et Wils.Scope - Western China.Hybrids produced by crossing the original species of roses of different groups.The flowers are red, pink, medium-sized, semi-double or nemahrovye in inflorescences.Leaves elliptical serrulate.Bushes are high, up to 2-2.5 m, sprawling, with reddish-brown shoots.Bloom profusely from June, re-bloom weaker.Fruits of bottle-shaped, dark-orange-red.They need a lightweight shelter without prigibaniya shoots to the ground.
Hybrids rose Cordes got its name in honor of the German originator Wilhelm Cordes.Grades obtained from the varieties' Max Graf.spontaneous fusion.As a result of crosses with varieties of other groups formed a group graded hybrids R. X kordesii.Unique Rose Cordes (or kordezii) is very much appreciated in breeding for breeding hardier and more resistant varieties.
flowers have petals of this group are different variety of colors and shapes of flowers, 7-8 cm in diameter, from the semi-double to gustomahrovye, sometimes fragrant, collected in small florets.Bushes vigorous (1.5-2 m), often with a whip-like shoots.Bloom profusely from June until late oseni.Vse varieties hardy but require shelter for the winter.Resistance to diseases.They can be grown even in partial shade.
One of the most valuable park roses - rose wrinkled , or rose tetracorals .Flowers from hybrid varieties tetracorals) - from white to dark red, and yellow there, different in size and dressing.Typical hybrid closest to the original form, is very hardy (does not require the shelter for the winter), and unpretentious in culture, decorative.But not all have the qualities tetracorals in full.Some varieties do not differ winter hardiness.Blooming twice, but did not re-bloom profusely.
Group Shrub was highlighted recently (1965).Shrub in English - is a shrub.The band's name is conditional, as all roses bushes.Shrub, we can say - "scrub bushes."They are also called modern roses park and treat them all the varieties that are not included in the group of other garden.From other groups are distinguished:
- Flowers usually unconventional from nemahrovyh to form hybrid tea roses floribunda or group, as well as nostalgic old-fashioned form.The color of flowers the most diverse.
- Flowering - abundant, long (from June until autumn), repeated.
- Aroma.Among the fragrant roses Shrub greater than that of Hybrid Tea.Many varieties of this group is very fragrant.
- volume.Many varieties are distinguished by their power and strength of growth (reach 2 m).Bushes some varieties are so graceful that their flexible branches require a small support, which soon rose flowers.
- Resistance to diseases and high winter hardiness.They require only light protection for the winter.Besides unpretentious - any gardener can grow Shrub.
- Extensive use in gardening.Shrub can be grown in single crop, and in small groups (3-5 hives).
- Planting in small groups gives the effect of a large bowl of roses blooming, all the irregularities of the bush hiding nearby.
flower color varies from purple to almost brown.There are varieties with variegated and striped petals.Many Shrub appreciated beauty not a single flower, and their abundance, and continuous flowering, beautiful bark, scenic spikes, decorative fruits, leaves from green to dark-colored beet.So among the various shrub roses can be found for almost any sort of garden.Thanks to all these qualities, Shrub, recently received the status of garden group very quickly became popular.
Ground cover Shrub .The term "ground cover rose" appeared in the early 80-ies.This group of roses stands out is rather arbitrary, since it includes the types and varieties of other garden groups.Now, these roses are very popular: a large number of new varieties.
Ground cover roses differ abundance and continuous flowering, disease resistance, increased winter hardiness, ruggedness, ie all the qualities inherent Shrub.But before you plant a rose, you need to figure out what size it will reach when will grow.
Ground cover roses are divided into four subgroups, which can reach a height of 20 cm to 2 m:
- low creeping (height 20-45 cm, width no more than 150 cm, the number of hives per 1 sq. M - 3-4);
- creeping higher (45 cm more than 150 cm, 1-2);
- small drooping (90 cm to 150 cm, 1-2);
- large drooping at least 100 cm, 150 cm, 2-3).
Ground cover roses, which along with the creeping forms are shaped and spray with rather high arched shoots can be used anywhere in the garden.Their main task - to cover the ground densely leafy stems and abundant buds, suppressing weed growth.They are used for creating beautiful cascading trunks.