Fashion for vertical gardens or as they are also called "living walls", spread around the world from France.It was there that botanist Patrick Blanc came up with vertical gardening.Scientists study tropical plants and found that many of them can grow vertically, with little need of soil and light conditions.This led to the idea of the experimenter enterprising ennoble the vertical plane of the plants are fed a nutrient solution.
Green botany composition with artistic taste, sometimes for up to 30 different plant species in one square meter, have become popular.Now vertical flower beds adorn not only the interior of the premises, but the facades of buildings, columns, etc.Growing like fitomoduli can not only improve the indoor environment, but also reduce noise, hide irregularities of the walls.
On the facade of the house
usually vegetated southern side of the house.To do this, set a special facade design.First, make a metal or wooden frame, which is 30 cm from the wall attach plastic.The top
After selecting plants and create a composition on a structure in a checkerboard pattern, mark the place of planting.They put in a kind of pockets that receive, making horizontal cuts in the batting and the top layer of polyethylene.Over time, the plant roots will sprout and mounted on the wall.Fitosten disadvantage is that in our climate they are planted as a rule only on the season.However, if you create a beautiful composition and to properly care for her, changing flower colors on the wall of the house will please you for many months.
As an element of interior
Vertical gardens indoors placed in wall niches or in the free section of the wall, protected from drafts and with uniform lighting throughout the day.
Fitomoduli do in different ways.The easiest - to hang pots with plants in a checkerboard pattern on the damp-proof and lined with, for example, tiles or artificial stone wall.A more sophisticated version - fix flower pots in a metal or wooden structure.One can also buy special briquettes made from peat, palm fiber and polymer.These pots are mounted as brickwork, into the wall niche or wooden box.
Member Forum "Home and cottage» iv-serg offers to arrange a vertical flower beds right on the balcony.They can be grown "kitchen" plants: coriander, parsley, cabbage, lettuce, and even strawberries.Those who prefer ornamental plants can plant rubber plants, ferns and other shade-tolerant Chlorophytum species.
Members Active argues that it is easier to water the flower by hand, especially if they are small.In winter, the owner keeps its structure under the artificial light of a fluorescent lamp 40 W for 12 hours.So he tests the ability of different indoor plants to adapt to the vertical existence.
as a base compositions iv-serg uses nourishing substant - sphagnum.Fixes horse moss in a vertical position by a welded wire mesh with a mesh 50h50h1.Also made pencil case 1000h500h50 mm, which is tightly stuffed with dried moss and fitted by a green polymer network with cells 10x10 mm.Further, laminated plywood WBP cut workpiece 1500 x500 mm.To it is attached pencil case stuffed with moss, and the bed is ready!It must stand upright and well soaked with water, then you can begin planting.
To get a good result in the short term, better to let grow the seedlings in peat nutrient tablets in height 40mm.When the plants grow stronger, they should be transplanted into vertical ridges with the tablet.
By planting the plants, it is necessary to ensure timely watering and feeding.Under a vertical garden trays, which will drain excess water.
Instead sphagnum forumchanin suggests using mineral wool GROGAN, which is used in commercial greenhouses or sintepon.However, if long moss holds moisture, these materials it just passed.Therefore, the beds should be polevat more often, and in such cases can not do without an automatic watering system.It is also necessary to select materials such density that plant roots can pass through them.
on materials participants of the forum "Home and Cottage"