scientific answer children's questions
What is clearing?Strange question: who does not know!All gathered in the forest strawberries.But there is quite a scientific answer.Polyana - a space not occupied by buildings and spaces.On the personal sections as boundaries may act as fences and walls, trees and shrubs.
About the rooms and corners
Have Fields and classification.They can be simple, complex and enfilade.
Simple clearing from anywhere can be seen immediately, entirely.And no matter what form it - round, oval, oblong.
complex field fraught with mystery.Going on it, you can contemplate a part of the field, the remaining space is not available to your look, it goes beyond the turn, hidden behind plantings.
Polyana enfilade (Fig. 1) can be compared with rooms in the palace.This is a series of small clearings strung on one axis (track).A classic example of the field - the exposition section lilac breeding Kolesnikov ENEA near the pavilion "Floriculture".Going on the road, the visitor gets from the white room in purple, then pink, red, etc.
are going to arrange your garden in a clearing (field, meadow, meadow), good to learn the basic rules, which are required to comply with the open spaces of the garden.
field width should be no less than the width of the facade of the main house to which it is adjacent.
Not every home has the ability to rotate, like a hut on chicken legs, to the forest - backwards, to the visitor - forward.And because of its front facade should be fully opened admiring gaze.On the facade and to enjoy it, - which is difficult to do from the forest or thicket overgrown garden.
is necessary to pay attention to the ratio of the height and width of the field of the visual barrier that surrounds it - whether it's a house, a fence or trees and shrubs.What should be the ratio?
short - harmonious.A small lawn surrounded by centuries-old fir trees is not conducive to good mood - it does not contribute to his dungeon, a dark pit.Since the main category, which operates a landscape designer - is emotion.But, alas, to achieve the perfect ratio of height and size of the edge of the open space in reality is very difficult.Here come into play more severe and specific categories.
Strictly speaking, the tree of the first magnitude optimum field area - about 1.5 hectares.For most gardeners, it is not feasible for obvious reasons.And so on small areas we deal with quite different areas and a variety of other trees.
you fill the void?
Glade - open space, but not empty.Locate here can be anything, as long as it is "everything" has been relatively flat and does not create a large volume: flower beds, shrubs, the composition of an inert material, playgrounds and areas for recreation.
boundary between vegetation and open space is called the edge.The edge can be simple, bas-relief and high relief.
If the trees that separate the wood from the field lined up in one line - in front of us a simple edge.If individual trees or groups of trees a few moved forward from the main body - edge bas-relief.Finally, if the trees are moved out from the crowd as it should, a few meters, this high relief edge (Fig. 2).
Ahead - the best
trees growing on the edge, usually asymmetrical.Side facing the sun and freedom, the development of better side facing the forest - is worse.But always and everywhere "opushechnye" trees compares favorably to the depths of a thicket of trees.They are stronger, bigger, more beautiful.
When creating wood bas-relief or high relief is reasonable to use the most valuable and interesting species of trees that are different from the basic background plantings in their appearance - be it leaves, like maple "Crimson King", or flowers, like a chestnut.They - wood decoration, a bright accessory that attracts attention.
not hurt children.
we say the word "edge" and mean "forest".And if you are at your disposal no forests, no spaces somasshtabnymi him, but only a small portion?Well, and to while away their days without the edge?No way!The analogue opushek in landscape design small garden - decorative edge, it - English trim garden.What are the rules you need to follow when you create it?
All major obёmoobrazuyuschie stands pressed against the periphery of the area (ie, to the fence) to leave in the middle of an open space for people.
Edge must be multi-tiered: large plants are located behind, small - in front (Figure 3).No matter how obvious it may seem, this rule, it warns against one of the most common mistakes novice gardeners.Very often, non-professionals are planted in the front row of the strengths of honor large specimens, causing "kids" to languish in obscurity, clinging to the fence.With respect to the plants is not only aesthetically pleasing, but also, in our opinion, unethical.
terms relief (bas-relief - low relief) and high relief (haut-relief - high relief) are used not only in the ordinary, but in landscape architecture.