Garden Claude Monet can be considered one of his works, the artist in him wonderfully realized the idea of transforming the nature of the laws of light painting.His studio was not limited to the walls, she went to the open air, where were scattered everywhere color palettes, trains the eye and satisfy the insatiable appetite of the retina that is ready to take the slightest flutter of life.
Georges Clemenceau, a neighbor of the artist
picturesque tiny village of Giverny, located near the confluence of the EPTA and the Seine River, just 80 kilometers north of Paris.In 1883, after long and unsuccessful attempts to find a permanent home here it came and settled with his family painter Claude Monet.
township so fascinated him that, despite the extremely difficult financial situation, Monet decided to buy a hectare of land.This acquisition has turned his whole life.
Monet became interested in gardening.It interested him before.And Saint-Michel (Bougival) and Arzhanteye and Vétheuil despite meager r
Disposition garden created by the artist, change their appearance according to the time of year, it was designed to trifles.Along with Alice Goshede (second wife), her six children and two of his sons Monet created a garden of your dreams.
First of all, work was done on the approaches to the house: Monet cut down an alley of fir trees and cypresses, considering it too dull.But I do not cut down at the roots, and retaining high stumps, for that might cling shoots creeping wild rose.Soon the Scourge so grown that closed and turned into an alley strewn with flowers vaulted tunnel over the path leading to the house from the gate.Later, when the stumps were destroyed, Monet replaced them with metal arches, gradually overgrown with flowers.
Feeding aversion to large decorative flower beds, which are typically arranged on their lawns bourgeois Monet seated in groups or in borders irises, phlox, delphiniums, asters and gladioli, dahlias and chrysanthemums, and bulbs that are on a bright green background lawnIt looked like a luxurious mosaic carpet.
experienced eye of an artist enabled him to skillfully "mixed" colors different colors to achieve a harmonious combination, contrasts and transitions.Claude Monet loved budgeted or restrained in a colorful riot of gardens.He possessed the flowers according to their colors and allow them to grow freely.
Over the years the artist increasingly fascinated botany, capturing his no less than the study of light glare.In a book devoted to Monet ("This unknown Claude Monet"), his stepson Zh.P.Goshede notes that this is the most important artist was not fancy, but the impression made by it.The impression of the parts and the whole.
ongoing process of creating a garden inspired by Monet and he conscientiously studied the trade catalogs, constantly ordering all new and new seedlings, and in addition, exchanged plants with his friends Clemenceau and Seybottom.To obtain reliable information at first hand the artist hosted a dinner for the most significant master gardeners, and especially friends with Georges Truffaut.
Monet constantly sought rare varieties, buying them for a very significant amount.« All my money goes into my garden , - confessed Monet, - but I am absolutely delighted by this plant splendor ».
«Le Clos Nonmand» was conceived "in French."The garden is in front of the house, and strict straight lines alleys contrasted vividly with a colorful carpet of fragrant flowers all year.Each season has its own color scheme.Spring Field pale yellow daffodils precede flowering tulips, azaleas, rhododendrons, lilacs and soft purple wisteria.
special place in the garden, take your favorite artist irises.Long, wide rows of planted their head gardener, five of his assistants and, of course, the Monet.The striking beauty of delphiniums, various colors and sizes, and maki Clematis fed live to the palette of colors of the summer.Summer is marked by rapid flowering roses.
With the Mid-Autumn Garden, with a young and magnificent fury lit his farewell colors before fade until next spring.Morning and evening, dim rays of the autumn sun caress and emphasize the regal geranium petals, fragile as Chinese porcelain.Fire nasturtiums - shameless conquerors of all garden paths - spreads over their translucent leaves.
at the intersection of the main avenues of lavender-blue clematis proudly proclaim its appearance, while the rest of the "trifle" compete with each other for a place in the outermost track.Graceful dahlias complete picture of his arrogance eternal fight for that for a moment to show the world the unique rainbow of pink, purple, orange and bright yellow.
Water has always fascinated the artist, and has completed work on a flower bed at the house in 1893 - ten years after his arrival at Giverny - Monet buys a large swampy land with brook on the other side of the road.With the support of local authorities there Monet digs a small pond, thereby causing the displeasure of their neighbors.Later, the pond will be increased to its current size.
water garden is full of asymmetries and curves.He recalled the Japanese gardens, so loved by Monet, for good reason - the artist was fond of collecting prints for a long time with their image.In 1895 he was elevated to the "Japanese Bridge", entwined with fragrant lilac and white lace wisteria.Pond water lilies planted almost all naturally occurring species, and the edges were arranged hedges of lilies and arrowhead.The pond was heavily framed by ferns, rhododendrons, azaleas, lush bushes blooming roses.
magnificent weeping willows, columnar poplar and exotic species bamboo thickets supplemented imbued with serene peace picture.Pond and all that is around it, is a single landscape, strikingly different not only from the outside of the rural world, but also from the multicolored flower bed in front of the house.
where sky and clouds, merged into one with herbs and flowers, reflected in the mirrored surface of the pond.And the boundary between reality and dreams - just an illusion ... always on the lookout mist and transparency, Monet devoted himself increasingly "Reflections in Water" - the world-shifters, reality passed through the watery element.
zhiverniysky entire period, which lasted nearly half a century, was marked by the Water Lilies.
« been a long time , - wrote to Monet, - before I could understand their water lilies ... I planted them for fun, even without thinking that I would write them.And suddenly came to me the revelation of my fabulous, wonderful pond.I took a palette, and since that time I have almost never had another model ».
Leaning over the surface of the pond, Monet wrote endlessly lilies, aquatic plants, a weeping willow.About a hundred of sketches and finished canvases created them on this subject, and they, perhaps, cause the greatest admiration, especially since many of the works were carried out during acute glaucoma, compromised vision Monet, and therefore close to abstract painting.
Besides painting and gardening I did not fit what
Claude Monet in Giverny
often visited Cezanne, Renoir, Sisley, Pissarro, Matisse and other artists.Monet loved to take them at home, having fun showing off the garden, a greenhouse and a unique collection of Japanese prints.Knowing the artist's passion for gardening, many friends gave him a rare and unique plants.For example, appeared to Giverny imported from Japan, an exotic tree peonies.
success of impressionist paintings by that time became apparent.As money becomes more Monet equipped with modern amenities and expanded the house.Later, it was built in the garden shop.Every day, the artist got up at five in the morning, come here and tirelessly painted.He painted in any season, in any weather, at any hour of the day.He is fond of him and walks around the neighborhood: Monet loved red poppies on the field, the shady paths along the Seine River.
Restoring Monet's Garden
fate of the estate is not easy, so dear to the heart of the artist.
After Monet's death in 1926 the house and garden at Giverny has inherited son Michel.Living there, he did not, and took care of the estate of the artist's stepdaughter - Blanche.Then - the war and postwar years of devastation, when money for the maintenance of a beautiful garden was not.Manor in Giverny declined.In 1966 Michel Monet gave it to the Academy of Fine Arts.In the same year began the restoration of the house, which lasted 10 long years and finally successfully completed, largely through the efforts of the Foundation Claude Monet.
In 1977, Gerald Van der Kemp was appointed curator of Giverny.Andre Deville and famous designer Georges Trufo helped him restore the garden in all its glory.Most gardeners in France did a tremendous, very hard work on the reconstruction of the garden.It helped the contemporaries of Monet, and photos of the garden, of course, beautiful painting.Assist and many descendants of Monet.
Numerous loans and donations in the end allowed to revive the property, return it original appearance and to its former glory.Now, thousands of visitors from all over the world can enjoy a unique world created by Claude Monet.
Based on the book Jean-PierreCrespel "Everyday life of the Impressionists.1863-1883 "/ lane.with fr.E.Puryaevoy.- M .: Mol.gvardiya, 1999.
magazine "Garden & amp; garden" 1-2006