Principles of Landscape Design

By Admin | Landscape
19 May 2016
This does not mean that you should be sure to apply all the principles to every part of your plan.But only if you understand these principles, you will have creative ideas.

best landscape design is in the head of its creator.To create an interesting design is recommended to follow the principles of landscape design, but they are not "should lead" project.Creativity and creativity are always welcome.

principles of landscape design

Unity should be one of the main objectives of your project.Unity may be better understood and expressed in compatibility and repeatable.Repeating similar elements (plants, groups of plants or decorations), we create unity.Compatibility creates a sense of togetherness, when some or all of the elements of the landscape fit together and create the impression of integrity.



Unity can be achieved by a combination of the characteristics of the elements in the project, such as the height, size, texture, colors, etc.

A good example is the placement of boulders, focuses on
attention.If you've ever seen the landscape where a large white circular stone is located here, a boulder of red granite in the shape of a square - there and so on, you may have noticed that this particular element was not created by a special unity.

This is only one example, but the principle applies to all other design elements, such as the color group, for example.

simple way to create unity in your area - combine elements of a landscape theme.And one of the most affordable ways to create a theme - is the use of any decorations for the garden.Create a theme garden is easier when the topic is related to the fact that you like and interesting.



If you, for example, like a butterfly, you can create a theme using plants that attract butterflies, as well as placing the statue, jewelery or any other decor that is associated with butterflies.

unity can be expressed by the predominance of one element in your landscape.Harmony makes use of elements, designed in one style and subject matter.

Easy - in fact one of the main principles of design and art.This is one of the guidelines that you can follow and is making its first steps as a novice, and when you're creating your own garden.Just to start things simple.You can do this later.

Easy to fit, for example, means that you need to choose two or three colors and repeat them throughout the garden or courtyard.Decoration figures to a minimum and within a specific topic, as well with the principle of simplicity, as well as a consistent distribution of small architectural forms, such as boulders.

Balance also meant by the word "design".The sense of balance is a balance.There are basically two types of balance in landscape design: symmetrical and asymmetrical.

Symmetrical balance - this is when the relevant elements of the garden design are arranged more or less the same.In a symmetrical garden, both sides can be repeated in whole or in part the same shape, form, height of plants, groups of plants, flowers, flower beds form, themes, etc.

Remember how you created something like this when you were a child, on a drawing lesson at school.You take a piece of paper to smear paint on it, fold it in half, disclose, and see how magically creates an interesting symmetrical pattern.So symmetrical balance or design - a kind of mirror image.

Asymmetrical balance on the other side - a little more complex principles of landscape design.While the structure, shape, color, etc.may remain constant to create some unity, boulders of various shapes can be scattered at random.This form of balance often involves different parts of the garden theme.All subjects are equal but have different types of appeal.

Asymmetrical balance is actually unbalanced, abstract, or a free-form, but it creates unity and harmony by repeating certain items.

Here's a good example: the form of flower beds or paths differ on both sides of the dividing line of the landscape, but still uses some recurring elements and plants.One side may be a curved wave, while the other side - a straight, flat, rigid and completely opposite to the first.But again, the unity and balance are created by other elements.This type of form can create a nice contrast.Flowing lines are pleasing to the eye but the bold contrast of a bend and a straight line can be very interesting.

Asymmetrical balance is not dependent on the shape of your garden.This relationship is, of course, can be, but not necessarily.

As an example we can take the garden, where one side - it is mostly large shade trees, while on the other side - mainly diminutive flower, or the union of both.As I stressed earlier, the landscape may be abstract, but still must maintain unity through some elements, whether stones, plants and decorations.

Contrast and harmony can be achieved using plants.Fine foliage against a rough, round or pointed leaves, color supplements and contrasts.

Plant height, color and texture may vary in different areas, but each area should be merged its own theme.

You probably noticed that I talk a lot about "themes".Many of my clients have created yourself successful projects, adhering to the main theme and the majority of the principles of landscape design described on this page.A proper selection of plants or garden decor is a simple way to create a specific topic.

Color adds attractiveness of the landscape and can change the feeling of reality.Bright colors such as red, yellow and orange seem closer to you, and can actually make an object appear closer.Cool colors such as green, blue and pastel colors seem farther away from you, and the subject may seem more distant.

Grey, black and white are considered neutral colors and are best used in the background, while on the front - colorful flowers.However, to increase the depth of the landscape, you can use dark and coarse in texture plants in the foreground and a plant with a fine structure and gentle colors - in the background.

Colors can also be used to draw attention to a particular area of ​​the garden.Bright plant among the cooler colors naturally attracts the eye.

Natural transition can be applied to avoid radical or abrupt changes in your landscape.Go - it is basically gradual change.Daylight can pass the height of the plant or its color.However, the transition can also be applied to all elements in the landscape, including structure, form, size, foliage, but not limited to it, and also paying attention to the size and shape of the other elements.In other words, the transition can be achieved by gradual ascents and descents of various elements with a variety of textures, shapes, colors and sizes.

example of a good transition would be "ladder effect" - the transition from medium to large trees, the bushes, and then, finally, to the flowers.To create such a transition requires a bit of knowledge about the correct choice of plants.

transition - one of the principles of landscape design that can be used to "creating illusions" in the landscape.For example, the transition from higher to lower plants can give the effect of depth and distance (in painting), making the garden seem larger than it really is.The transition from lower to higher plants can be used to create focus, to make something stand out and seem closer than it really is.

line structures landscaping.This can mainly be attributed to the location of the flower beds, paths and staircases.

Straight lines look stern and angular, while the curved lines produce a more natural, gentle and smooth effect.

proportion - is the ratio of the size of the elements to each other.Of all the principles of landscape design that the most obvious, but still requires a little thought and planning.Most of the elements in landscape design can be planned in advance to the garden take appropriate proportions.

For example, if you create a small courtyard garden, a huge two-meter statue, placed in the center, it will look a little ridiculous and disproportionate.Or conversely, a small waterfall with a pond, located in the center of a large open courtyard, can be lost in space.

Do not get me wrong.This does not mean that if you have a large garden, you can not place it in the small figurines or any other structure.The relative proportion and the elements may be of different sizes and located in different parts of the garden.The goal is to create a pleasant relation among three dimensions - length, width and depth or height.

small fountain or pond can look proportionally, if you put it in a corner or on the edge of a large area.It becomes the focal point of a large area, creating its own special atmosphere.Around this reservoir can be placed a small gazebo, bench or created an entire theme.Other spaces and threads can be created in the same way.In addition, it is necessary specifically to consider and give due attention to the proper selection of plants to avoid disproportionate plants.

Repetition is directly related to unity.Good to have a variety of elements and shapes in the garden but a repetition of the same elements of diversity makes it possible.

Unity is achieved by repeating similar elements.If the garden too many unrelated objects, it can seem cluttered and unplanned.



But there is one subtlety: the abundance of one element can make your garden or yard uninteresting, boring and monotonous.

Yet, unity can be created by repeating a number of different elements.This can make your garden an interesting and original