row of trees or shrubs planted along the border area, is not just a fence, but also a decorative element.
The fence is designed to indicate the boundaries of ownership, difficult access and provide insulation for the residents of the house.
This can be a high wall of stone, brick or wood elements, openwork fence of metal mesh, rods or ... "hedge."
row of trees or shrubs has a major advantage over other types of fences, at the same time as it is also a component of the composition of the green garden.
should also be aware that not only the trees and shrubs, which form you need to give yourself suitable for "hedge".
There are many plants that are planted enough to ensure complete isolation.
"hedge" performs all the functions of a good fence, in addition there are other advantages.
Trees and shrubs, even with the leaves have flown, detain dirt and dust.
Thick "hedge" is a barrier to wind gusts.In the summer, also limits the inrush of hot air generated from the carriageway,
green cover reduces the noise level by scattering and absorbing acoustic wave.
"hedge" is a jewel of the garden, and the view of greenery acts on the nervous system of the person reassuringly.
dense wall of thorny plants is often a more serious obstacle to the intruder than a fence made of metal, bricks or boards.
have "hedge" has only two minuses:
unfortunately have to wait until the planted trees and shrubs will grow and become a barrier.In order to reduce the waiting time can be put "hedge" on the earthen shaft, pour along the border area.
Plants that make such a fence, require systematic maintenance: watering, fertilizing and mowing (this applies especially to the garden, which is shaped).
Trees and shrubs suitable for creating garden, should possess the appropriate qualities: dense and abundant growth, numerous branches, as well as the ability to quickly form new processes (required for fences, undergoing regular haircuts).
Natural or formed.
Many species of trees and shrubs do not need to cut to get a nice hedge, effectively fenced off the site.It will be enough to put the plant more densely and choose species such natural height which will match the expected level of "living" fences.For a low fence (1 m), which do not need to cut fit meadowsweet (Spiraea x bumalda Burv.), Barberry (Berberis thunbergii);fence for the average height (1-2m) - chubushnik eternal (Philadelphus coronarius L.), rough Deutzia (Deutzia scabra Thunb.), physocarpus kalinolistny (Physocarpus opulifolius "Diabolo");to high (over 2m) - blue spruce (Picea pungens Engelm), Canadian spruce or white, or blue-gray (Picea glauca Moench), common oak or pedunculate (Quercus robur Fastigiata).
It should be noted that the growth of plants is very influenced by the quality of soil and water.In order to obtain the expected height of the fence, both natural and formed, you must create the best conditions for the plants.
Also important is the selection of suitable plants to each other, that is impossible, for example, special low-cut trees, because you can create the desired height of the fence bushes.
to create low hedges, which can be shaped, very suitable boxwood (Buxus sempervirens);the average height for a fence - hawthorn, cotoneaster, privet (Ligustrum) and barberry;for high - hornbeam, plum, Thuja.
evergreen or deciduous leaves.
advantage of evergreen trees is that the hedge of them will decorate the site and good insulation throughout the year.However, the choice of tree species for this is not so large.From evergreen leafy trees mostly only used boxwood pirokanta purpurea and because of the remaining species of this group are frozen in our climatic conditions.At the same time, coniferous trees perfectly tolerate winter: juniper, arborvitae, yew, spruce or Canadian common.Just remember that the conifers are evergreen and are less resistant to air pollution than those that shed their leaves in winter.If you still want to put them on the site, choose the most hardy - arborvitae, black pine and larch (original and unusual trees that shed their needles in the winter).
Trees and shrubs shed their leaves in the fall, growing faster than the evergreen, and because of them, "hedge" will turn faster.In addition, during the year it is changing their appearance, which also should be attributed to their merits.First of all, because of the large selection, easy to find a breed that will meet all the expectations, as well as local climatic conditions.
Blooming or scratchy.
"Hedge" should not be a green monolith.It can be made of the impressive-flowering and fruit-bearing plants such as jasmine, forsythia, tavula, quince, snowberry (Symphoricarpos Duhamel), shrubby cinquefoil (Potentilla fruticosa) pirokanty or purple.Such front gardens look very impressive when put next to plants blossoming at a time, or those whose leaves change color in the fall, as well as rocks, decorated with fruit.
For those who want to create from the green fence barrier to penetration of land uninvited guests, other dogs or wild animals should be planted trees and bushes with thorns or spines (eg, sea buckthorn, wild rose, hawthorn, barberry, blackthorn, purple pirokanta, honey locust (Gleditsia triacanthos)).So plantings should ensure plenty of space because part of grooming these plants will deprive them of thorns and spines for which they were planted.
distance.The number of hedge plants depends mainly on the selected species, as well as on the method of planting (in one or two rows).Most often the plants are planted in a row, but sometimes, for a dense thickets (mostly when creating thorny hedges) Planting should be done in two rows.A common mistake is too dense planting plants.In this case, the plants develop correctly, "compete" with each other for water, minerals and light.
in the fence, which do not need to form as well as in high-cropped plantations, plants, usually located at a distance of 0.5 to 1 meter, at the height of the fence to 1m - 20-50sm and low stands - every 10 cm.
Landing.On allocated for planting strip of land, you should first carefully clean and weed the weeds, and after that, dig a hole slightly deeper than required by the root system of plants.It will be good if you put on the bottom of a little compost or humus.In deepening the roots of plants, place, sprinkle them with earth and slightly utopchite.The ground around plants should cover 5-cm layer of compost to reduce water evaporation from the soil and restrict the number of weeds.
fertilizer.This is a very important point, because the plants are often planted in hedges, and the soil is rapidly becoming an "empty".Chemical fertilizers should not be used immediately after the landing of plants, but only after making sure that the culture began (that is, when new shoots).Use only half the recommended dose of fertilizer, and only next spring can be given a whole dose (best to use manure, consisting of many components).Fertilize should be 2-3 times a year, from May to July, or use long-acting manure is applied only once (in the spring).
Polivka.It should be done always after feeding in between rains.Watering is necessary to direct the soil around the plant.It is better to do it less often, but more abundant than most, but little by little.
haircut.Green hedge clippers which are not required, as is sometimes the need of such procedures.However, it is necessary not to get rid of the plants to their natural form, and in order to thin out (to do so thick as you need), as well as to remove the green shoots that have appeared in large numbers, have dried up or messed.Cut should be no more than once a year.
Plantings just that alone should be attached to the form, it should be cut regularly, so that they become thick and accepted the dates you outline.The first cut, planted in spring or autumn trees and shrubs for the winter foliage dumping should perform after the frost, but before the vegetation period (end of February, the most recent period - the end of March).In subsequent years, the main term, shaping hedges, would be the end of June - beginning of July.It was during this period will need to remove at least half of processes that have emerged this year.Only after the plants have reached the desired height, it is necessary to cut them regularly, two or even three times a year, each time leaving the last few centimeters of growth.Shaping at the end of the growing season should be done carefully, so that the state of leafless shoots did not spoil the overall appearance of the plants.
Fences made of coniferous trees is not necessary to cut the first few years (the only exception is larch, which should be cut low in the first year).Then, when plants will approach you to the desired height, they should be cut once or, at most, twice a year.For the first time, it should be shaped in such trees and shrubs in the spring, before the advent of the first shoots, and the second time - in the summer, but no later than mid-August.