Everyone who buys a vacation home, sooner or later, thinks: "What, in fact, make the area adjacent to the house for a comfortable life, interesting walks, Neskuchniy to rest?" And immediately panic - where to starthow to plan a plot that put ... Although each of these issues devoted a lot of literature, the solution is not always the case.And if the first two suitable answers from any foreign book or a magazine, then the last there are many problems, as we all know that in the North-West of Russia - the so-called zone of risky agriculture, and not all plants are recommended in transferablepublications, we get accustomed.
So what can still be the basis of the landscape in a country estate?Blooming spring breaks and ends quickly, green summer flies by, and fall back section is empty and gray.That was then, and come to the aid of evergreen and deciduous plants, of course, conifers in all its glory.A variety of shapes and colors of their large.In any part of the conifers is impossible not to notice.Deta
Decide you to create a garden of fantastic shapes and various colors, the right to plant a coniferous plant, almost a hundred percent success in the future.And it's better to spend a lot of time to prepare the seat than the years then pull the plant from the "coma".First of all, you need to understand the environmental conditions in your area and compare them with the necessary for the cultivation of the acquired plants.Almost all conifers grow well only in well-drained soils and do not tolerate standing water.But the soil to various plants will be different.Spruce, fir, yew, microbiota, arborvitae prefer fertile soil;juniper, larch, pine will feel better if the substrate for planting is not greasy, and with the addition of sand, while the air easily penetrates to the roots (such soil in our pine forests).From the second year, the first landing of the plant and can feed, but only a special fertilizer for conifers and small amounts of organic matter (such as compost or rotted organic fertilizer).The main thing here - do not overdo it.On a very fertile soils the plants cracked bark, there GUMMOSIS loss profiled shapes (eg, softwood pellets due to strong growth beginning to stretch in a pyramidal shape, and so on. P.) And as a result, decrease in winter hardiness.And made "from the heart" fertilizers often cause yellowing of sharp needles, drying it ("burning").
details necessary to understand the process of planting conifers.As the options of planting material may be different, the timing and landing technology also will be different.Customers are offered plants or bare-root (recently excavated in the nursery) or containers (grown in plastic pots or special plastic bags) or lump (root system in a coma land associated burlap or metal mesh).
When you buy should pay attention to the general state of the plant, as well as the size and quality of the root system.The best season for planting the roots are in the phase of active growth and with white ends.
So, first, the timing of planting conifers.The best time for planting bare-root - spring, late April - early May: the kidney has not yet started to grow, and seedlings will not experience a lot of stress.Fall planting is preferred since the beginning of August and beginning of September, when there is rapid growth of roots.Plants purchased in the container or lumpy, it is best to take root, since the root system is compact and landing virtually no damage.They can be planted at any time of the year, although the optimum - in late May - early June, or, as in the previous case, in August - early September, when the roots are actively growing and plants cling to the ground safely.
Second, the depth of planting.Often, buying a hurry a seedling in a store or on sale, we find dead lower branches on the background of the rest of the beautiful crown, of course, cut them and feel great temptation to put the plant so that it pushilos on the ground.Here lies the biggest catch.The fact is that after the final landing manipulation root neck (the place of transition into the roots of the barrel) must be flush with the ground, and in any case not deeper.Otherwise coniferous plant dies pretty quickly regardless of the ongoing efforts.
Third, most of the landing.Digging the planting hole, do not forget that the plant grows in size, and the root system too.Therefore prepared hole must be greater than under the com.When transplanting plants, or planting bare-root is necessary to preserve the earth for roots.Do not leave the plant without roots dug the ground powder can cover them with damp burlap.Otherwise, the plant would take root long as the root hairs in dry, air-live only a few seconds.Landing pit should be filled with fertile substrate, well compacted to avoid settled afterwards.The plant is planted in it, and straighten the roots covered with earth, compacted backfill.Do not forget about the level of the root collar.When delayed autumn planting should bury for 2-3 cm, or in the winter it is not had time to take root, vypret from the ground.After landing around the edges of the pit is ground rim and plant necessarily abundantly watered.The earth settles a bit, and as a result disappear "air bags."During the first few weeks is particularly closely monitor soil moisture regularly watered and, if the weather is hot, set pritenku that the plant is not dried up due to overheating.Well, if the plant is large, it should be strengthened by means of extensions and stakes to fix the root system and give peace to take root.When planting seedlings with closed root system should podrazbit com obtryasti substrate and possibly spread the roots to their growth does not slow down the sides.But if the plant with a large lumpy worth checking the quality of the material manufacturer, as a huge lump of earth does not mean the set of roots and can, on the one hand, to be a fiction, but on the other - much bury the root neck.Therefore, planting should clean up the ground around the trunk to the root collar and lower the ball in the proper depth.If the plant is in a metal grid, it is not removed, and the sacking is better to remove in order to avoid rotting of the roots and formation around the site of infection.
How to choose a planting material and what to buy?It is the interest of each novice gardener.For the natural environment zone of risky agriculture more suitable plant originally grown in the same or a similar climate.Well, if you had to buy the planting material from Eastern Europe (which is often the case), the first few years, the plant should be for the winter shelter and mulch.The range offered by conifers is quite wide, and most of them can feel good in our garden plots.You only need to choose the appropriate conditions for them.However, there are a number of very beautiful varieties of conifers, which are in demand, but in winter suffer.And the first among them Canadian spruce Konika and Juniperus chinensis stricta, fascinates with its dense conical crown.These conifers almost every year a freeze slightly or podprevayut, although often at the end of the season and recovered.Growing them is only possible with the shelter for the winter, or in environmental conditions, perfectly matched.Alternative forms they should pay attention to small plants for small gardens, alpine gardens and patios.This spruce: Nidiformis, Pygmy, Little Gem, Wills dwarfs and prickly fir and spruce Glyauka Globoza Canadian Echiniformis, that thrive in our area and do not require additional care.Although, it should be noted that if in the winter snow to fill these plants collected from the tracks area, then they will not say thank you.
Another problem conifers are spring burns arising from desiccation.In the spring there is a strong evaporation from the surface of the crown due to overheating, and recharge the moisture is not present, since the roots still frozen.More than others suffer from it arborvitae, some varieties of juniper, fir and yew trees.To avoid possible burns, covering the plants from the sun, or plant them in partial shade or shady place (if you allow their environmental properties, such as, for example, yew).It should also ask about the specific features of the plant.For example, in the autumn and winter the needles of some varieties of junipers and microbiota acquires copper and mountain pine Vintergold - golden color, which can be mistaken for sunburn.
turn to another exciting topic planting conifers.If a foreign material is bad, then maybe you should bring your favorite Christmas tree or pine from the forest?But in parallel there is another question: Is it legal?We therefore consider the option transplant the plants on the site.In fact, it would be an option open to the root system, so you need to take into account the optimal planting dates associated with the growth of the root system.Better to choose is not very large plant.In the spring, in May, a bayonet spade should chop off around the plant within a radius of about 20 cm roots to a depth slightly greater than the length of a bayonet, thus triggering the growth of new roots closer to the trunk and branches chopped off.To alleviate stress for two weeks the plant should be watered.In early August, repeat the same operation with the roots.It was only the following year, in May, the plant can be transplanted with a lump in the new location.During this time formed a compact root system and the plant is well accustomed.If the krona is asymmetric, the need for a new place to plant a plant "poor" side to the south, or more lighted areas, and over time it will align.You can draw a better-developed side to the front part of the garden.
because of limited space, we can not elaborate on the conditions of landing and taking care of the specific varieties of conifers.Therefore, do not hesitate to find out the details of the consultants in retail outlets where you will acquire planting material.Besides, many of these stores have websites on which is painted in detail agricultural machinery for each class.Following this advice, you will be able to enjoy for many years mean your garden.
Yuri Kalugin, biologist deputy.Head of the Botanical Garden of the Botanical Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences on the open ground