One of the practical solutions on a hilly area is the construction of wooden steps.Such steps may be needed if the angle of the slopes on your site is more than 200, and for slopes at an angle of 100-200 is better to use sloping stage.
materials, quantity, specification:
- Treated wood (beams) for landscaping size 15,25sm x 15,25sm -for each stage,two boards length 1.2m needed as pillars, plus one board length equal to the width of the planned level (better to take the standard rails 2,45m length and cut them in half);
- 3/8 inch galvanized nails length 25cm - about 6 pieces one notch;
- metal corner bracket 10,15sm h10,15sm 5cm wide with galvanized screws with square head 7,6sm - 2 mounting stage 2-4 on the screw fastening.
Tools and equipment:
- saw for cutting boards (chain saw or circular saw large diameter);
- drill and screwdriver tip for fixing the angular fasteners;
- ruler / meter and a pencil to mark the cutting line on the bars;
- hammer nailing in bars;
- Building level for leveling steps;
- shovel deeper into the slope and filling the recesses.
Step by step description of the process:
- better to start with the construction of the required number of steps.This is best done on a flat, firm and level surface, that is, it is not necessary to do it directly on the site, because each stage can later be transferred to a separate section.With the saw cut on the two beams of 1.2 m for each stage and one board length equal to the width of the planned level.If you do decide to stage a width of 1.2 m, it will be just perfect, because you will need a minimum cutting boards, given that you are using a standard 2.4 m timber.Usually the steps are quite a few go, so the wider stage, the less wear and tear.
- Cut the boards to be put down the letter "P".Fix the boards on a hard surface, and then hammer on the nail length 25 cm 2 in edge of the front bar, acting as a very level, so that the nails went through the end of the side bars.For ease of operation it is desirable to pre-drill the holes in the bars with a diameter of 3/8 inch - nails will be easier to drive, however, they are firmly fastened boards.
- For additional support, place angled mounting on every corner 900 formed by timbers forming step and side rails (part recessed into the slope to secure the steps), and secure them with screws 7,6sm in each block.Bruce, which forms the very stage creates both riser and reference (horizontal) surface.
- directly on the site start working from the bottom of the slope, which is supposed to set the stage.With spades make a recess in the side of 1.2m - a depth equal to the length of the bars.Install the first step, make sure that it is level.The upper part of the bar-level should be at the level of the path leading to the steps.The first stage should not be visible - it must be buried in the ground, because it will serve as a basis for fixing the next steps.The second stage of pre-fabricated should be placed exactly on the first step and attach using six 3/8 inch nails 25 cm (3/8-inch holes must be drilled in advance).
- Determine the desired location of the next stage.Generally stage in landscape design at a depth and height 30,5sm 15,25sm relative to each other.However, if the slope is not too steep, it can be inclined stage in which the support surface is deep, that allows to make one or more intermediate stages between the joists.The average person is equal 60-66sm step, and if you leave a distance between the steps, then the stairs will be easy to go up and down.If necessary, you can even go a little further into the hillside, leaving a distance of 1.2 m for the second stage.
- is a second stage of pre-assembled on the side rails of the first stage.Make sure that the stage is aligned in all directions.Drive the nails into 25cm bearing surface at a distance of about 10 cm from each end so that the nails went through the side rails stage below.It may require an additional locking nail at a distance of 60 cm from the first, depending on the length of the side bars.
- Continue to strengthen the follow-up to the previous stage, connecting them 25cm nails.If you plan to make a large number of steps, you can make turns / curves.To do this, each subsequent step should be placed at a selected angle.
- When all steps will be fixed, U-shaped space in the steps can be filled with the material of your choice: gravel, brick, concrete, landscaped cobblestone or shredded wood mulch.