The following describes the construction of a small reservoir, which does not require a circulating pump or drain.
Specifications and additional devices
impervious lining of the reservoir size required to cover the bottom and the banks of the pond of the future.Lining made of various materials, the most common being polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and butilrezina.To determine the strength of the material required in each case is best to contact the manufacturer, specifying the desired depth and size of the pond.
underlayment made of polypropylene or polyester.It protects from loose rocks, roots and sharp objects.Pour enough sand to 10-12 cm above the pond.Flat stones, cobble, or any other material to design the waterfront.Using this material also need to hide the ends of the lining.
Tools and equipment:
- rope or a hose for putting some desired shape of the pond;
- Pegs, flags or spray paint to determine the limits of the pond;
- spade (shovel) to dig the pond;
- Building levels;
- long boards, which could be put through the entire width of the pond to equalize;
- Rubber hammer;
- Hand Truck and loading device for the removal of sand, stones, rubble, etc..
selected site for pond construction should be enough sun to in the pond and its coast can grow selected plants.The ponds, which are located under trees, look cute, but they have to be cleaned more often.If your region long winter and heavy snowfall, it is necessary to choose a more durable facing material.You should also avoid areas where planted a lot of trees with large roots.
Schedule shape of the pond, using a rope or hose.Using pegs or flags mark the final shape of the future reservoir.If you are planning to do the pond slowly, it makes sense to put a line edge of the pond paint.
Dig recess pond.Create a ledge on the edge of the pond for putting some of the first layer of flat stones or rubble.The projection should be the depth of 20 cm and a width of 30cm.on the sides of the pond have to be very gentle slope from 4 to 1 to 5 to 1. It will protect your children and pets, as they can easily get out of the pond, if you accidentally drop it.
Check that the projection and the edges of the pond were lined level.If one of the edges of the pond is higher, then the water will not cover the lining layer in the other bank, and all the aesthetic effect is lost.To align the pond is recommended to use a long board and building level.Putting a board on top of the pond so that its ends lie on the banks of the reservoir, move the board around the pond to make sure that all edges are flush.Remove all rocks, roots and debris, which make the pond uneven, because they can damage the lining layer of the pond.
Determine the required size of a facing material, measure the depth, length and width of the excavated pit.First, you need to measure the depth of the hole at the lowest point.Then, - the width of the pond at the widest point, and add to this figure two depths.For the edges you need to add another 60cm.Determine the required length of cladding material in the same way: to measure the length of the longest section and add two depths plus 60cm on edge.Width = width of the cladding material of the pond depth of pond + 2 + 60cm.
10-12cm Pour the wet sand at the bottom of the pond.This will create a level foundation for facing material and helps prevent punctures.If sand will crumble at the edges, they are too steep.Backsheet can be positioned on the bottom and on the sides of the pool to protect the liner from damage.Determine the required size of the underlying layer (may be, can be a little larger than the cladding material).
Facing material must be deployed directly in the pit to the pond.It is advisable to allow the material to warm in the sun a few minutes to make it more flexible.Carefully place the facing material so that the edges of the pond was about the same amount of material.When you spread the lining material, be careful not to damage the projection and the sandy foundation of the pond.Once you lay a lining material, check the level again.
fill the pond with water to check that no one edge of the lining will not go into the water, and that under no lining the air sacs.Carefully align the small errors on the banks of the pond.Fill the pond with water so that the upper edge was about 2cm.
Cut off the excess lining material, leaving the edges of 45cm.Lay flat stones or cobblestones to lug around a pond.The first layer of stones is almost covered with water.
Wrap allowances cladding material around the first or second layer of stones in the nose.Then put the next layer on top of the stone cladding to hide the edges.If necessary, you need to tuck or cut edge facing, so they were not visible.If you are trying to post pond flat stones / slabs, after each new layer is advisable to check their level.
To pond better fit into the overall design, it is recommended to plant around the pond plants - they should cover some of the stones, but not all.
If you have a small pond, and there is no drainage or aerator, it will have to drain and clean every spring, and at least once during the season.For drainage of the pond can be used drain pump.