Many of the most ardent admirers of suburban life, living in the country most of the time, not just at the sight of lush vegetation and a considerable amount of food waste, thought about breeding chickens.This bird is omnivorous, unpretentious and almost every day provides the home with fresh eggs, and even fertilizer for the garden.
build a chicken coop itself is not difficult, but you need to provide for all the birds to live comfortably there was: a place for feeding and walking, with layers and more.
What you need to know before you start to build a poultry house
Before you take up tools, draw a hen house project.Consider the size of the construction: The area is determined based on the number of birds - no more than four hens per square meter.
is important and choice: the chicken coop should be in a sunny spot on the dais.Around the house arrange drainage: dig the ditch or trench to drain rainwater.If there is no suitable location, make the site with the help of crushed stone and gravel,
foundation for the house should be strong: it is filled with concrete to the birds made their way not predators.On top lay a board or other material.If the foundation does not plan, walls are upholstered with iron bottom.
When building chicken coop also need to consider the following:
- to prevent the spread of germs, cover the inside walls of lime;
- that birds do not suffer from excessive moisture and ammonia fumes, making ventilation - hood in the ceiling, the windows on the south or east side of the room;
- to hens raced in the winter, they need to provide coverage for 15 hours a day with lamps;
- socket layers put in dark places henhouse.
on chicken legs
participants of the forum "Home and cottage" vasiliyu37 had to learn the basics of building a chicken coop by chance: a friend brought back from the village a gift of three chickens and a rooster.The building owner of
made of timber 150x150 mm 6 m in length (cut into three pieces), who put in 20 cm from the ground on four stones.From major foundation vasiliy37 decided not to save: the structure was small - 2x2 m. Later discovered another advantage of this solution: in the rain or the heat of the birds were hiding under the chicken coop.
first couple crown vasiliy37 advises to treat septic tank, he used waste oil.Between the stone and the first binder is necessary to lay a wreath of roofing material, birch bark or vellum to prevent wetting the wood.Crowns between themselves linked pegs that need to be drowned in a bar about 3 cm. To lay wreaths exactly horizontally, do not forget to use a level.
Inside the house the owner hung heater 0.5 kW.From wall to wall, slide, made roosts with a distance of 30 cm. One feeder placed on the floor against a wall, the other, smaller, hung on the wall with the help of the French suspension: it is easily removed and returned to the place.
three nests for chickens vasiliy37 arranged in a corner, one above the other.The floor and ceiling are insulated, laid in the nest of hay, shavings floor asleep.Thick warm door made of planks of 40 mm on overhead shponkah organized one small window and lighting using economical light bulbs to 6 watts.
Another forumchanin nests built separate houses for 20 chickens of different breeds: the size of the chicken coop - 2x4, separate enclosure - 4x5.The building is attached to the wall of the bath.
- timber 100x100 (3 column by 3 meters), the beam size 50x100 went on the joists, rafters, frame, fence posts;
- Unedged 20h100 - 0.75 cubic meters;
- plywood floor 15 mm, 150x150 - 5 pieces, as well as the inner casing + canvas;
- keramzit - 1 cubic meter;
- 2 rolls of roofing material on the roof;
- insulation for walls and roofs;
- one roll mesh with the cell 150h15 m 50-50;
- waterproofing materials, compositions for treatment of wood preservative floor, water-based paint for interior and exterior works;
- windows, door fasteners.
By supporting pillars 100x100 Gnezdov drilled three wells on the 70 cm. Columns covered with protective compounds and waterproofing, set and cemented.Floor joists and covered waterproofing, voids between joists sleep expanded clay, lay plywood 15 mm, pre-treated with antiseptic and covered from both sides.
100x50 made of timber frame and the main part of the roof truss (the distance between the rafters - 57 cm, with the width of the heater - 60 cm).Internal height of the structure was 1.9 m. The slope of the roof is made of 15 cm to 2 meters.Ruberoid owner of a bed on the roof with a large overlap in the two layers.The windows are arranged horizontally at 1.2 m from the floor, made of crate boards 20h100.Once laid insulation, sheathed with plywood and hardboard.
Tips from Gnezdova: calculating the dimensions of buildings, based on the amount of material used;not get carried away waterproofing - not dry;buying wood in the market, present at his selection, or discover many culling;do not cover the slippery floor paints and varnishes.
Floorings forumchanin raised by 80 cm perch in one compartment set at a height of 20 cm to 35 cm from the wall.Nest fashioned out of the kitchen cabinet.
on materials participants of the forum "Home and Cottage"