Container growing vegetables

By Admin | Recommendations
10 May 2016
The situation may be different.For example, the entire area given over to ornamental crops and fennel salad place no longer exists.And how the country without dill?Or, on the contrary, and the beds are so many, and you could not resist and bought another extraordinary variety of tomato that is simply no place to sit.Or decided to decorate the ornamental garden using plants not hibernating or bad winter in the middle lane in the open air (such as lavender and rosemary).Containers with fresh greens and herbs are also useful in the summer kitchen and a barbecue at the site so as not to run for each branch in the garden.In addition, many vegetables are not inferior to the decorative flowers, so it can become an ornament to the balcony, garden, terrace, patio.

What can be grown in containers?

easier to say what can not be grown in containers.

excluded, usually, vegetables with deep-growing roots, slowly maturing, very high, and is especially large or demanding to soil fertility: cabbage, parsnips,
celery, carrots, beets.


Although this rule has exceptions.For example, there is a technology of growing potatoes in large baskets, barrels or wooden boxes.In the same way, in a barrel or wooden box, you can grow tall and tomatoes, planting seedlings in the bottom of the tank and as the regular podsypaya soil.At night and in cold weather covered lutrasilom barrel.The result (for the fertile soil and good care) can grow powerful tomato tree with lots of fruits.In the fall, cut and rooted cuttings, try to keep them on the terrace or insulated balcony to next spring as soon as possible to begin the cultivation of fruit.

If you do not need a record, and you just want to decorate a garden table and several own-grown tomatoes, then choose low-growing varieties.Firstly, they do not need props and containers will be much more stable.Secondly, small containers with plants in bad weather is easier to clean in a greenhouse, and then put back.By the way, there are very fine grade ampelnye tomatoes with a few beautiful and delicious fruit.In addition to the tomatoes grown in containers undersized varieties of eggplants and peppers.

of green crops is best to choose varieties of early maturing and compact.Suit a variety of salads, spinach, chard, herbs.Very varied and beautiful varieties of basil, chervil carved, curly leaf parsley, dill young, coriander, chives.

looks good in containers curly vegetables, such as beans or melotriya.But, of course, they will need support.

compositions

In a large container, you can grow different plants.For example, combining tomatoes or peppers with basil or coriander.

But in any case not connecting Solanaceae (eggplant, tomatoes) in one pot - they will oppress each other.

But varieties of beans with yellow and purple pods, chard with red petioles (red, yellow, white, green) leaves and colorful salads can be quite compatible, and in color, and the requirements to the soil, watering and lighting.

can supplement vegetable composition with flowers.Or place all cultures separately.This, incidentally, will facilitate care for them, as it will meet the needs of each individual plant.Moreover, the individual pots may be combined in a composition.It will look balanced if combining high and low plants, and bright and beautiful fruits placed on a background of green.

What to use as a container?

Almost anything: old and new casks, wooden boxes, pots, galvanized buckets and large cans, stone baths and tin, baskets, clay and plastic pots, flowerpots and even bags from under the ground ... Mainto suit the style, color, shape and texture of your home and garden, and combined with each other.And even better - not too isolated and only emphasizes the beauty and shade vegetables.And, of course, correspond to them by type, color and size.

Plants should be proportionate to the container (usually a capacity of not less than one-third of the total height of the composition).Close and needs more!nutrients vegetables need container height and width of at least 25 cm. In addition, it must be sturdy and stable.But for relatively small plants is better to choose the capacity of not less than 20 cm in diameter, as in small containers includes relatively little ground, so it will always have to be watered and fertilized.

best material for containers - clay and wood.They do not overheat and well-kept warm.Plastic pots heat up faster, but this material has its advantages - it is easy and inexpensive.

Features cultivation

Compared with flowers grown in containers, the vegetables need more fertile soil and constant thorough watering.Without good care they will grow poorly.

First of all, take care of good drainage.At the bottom of the tank make a few holes with a diameter of 1 cm and cover them with clay shards, gravel or stones.Containers set on bricks or a special stand that water flowed freely down - into the ground.

soil mixture for each plant must be chosen in accordance with its requirements.But in any case the land should be light, well-aerated, because when watering, it will continue to thicken.Therefore, in addition to garden soil humus or compost added coarse sand and peat moss.You can make slowly soluble complex fertilizers and hydrogel to retain water.

In hot and windy land in containers dries quickly.It is useful zamulchirovat and if the summer is too hot, do not leave the plants in the open sunny or warm wall.During cold spells lutrasilom covered containers.

As the use of vegetables in containers can replace the seat next new or pots.

varieties for container growing

Tomatoes:

«Arctic Cherry," "Balcony miracle", "bonsai", "Clay Gribovsky 1180", "Malyshok", "Baby 101", "Nevsky", "Rubin"," amber "," North ", ampelnye grade« Tumbler », suitable for growing in hanging baskets.

Peppers

«Watercolor," "Winnie the Pooh", "tomboy", "carat", "Sweet Room", "candy", "curious", "foxy", "Window miracle", "Treasure Island""Mysterious Island", "Etude", "Yarik".

Eggplant

«Baby Bol", "Vikar", "Faith", "The Sword of the Samurai," "Robin Hood", "The Japanese midget."


A. Ryabtsev

«Gardener» № 6-2007