Aging wood - it is a long and laborious process consisting of mechanical wood processing and working with paints.This method of wood finishing associate leon42, forum participant "Home and cottage" natural, antiquity, folk culture.
According leon42, buy furniture and otbrashirovat its brushed metal - this is not to wear out her and just to scratch, or, at best, make a textured surface.Furniture purchased in the store - made of slats and "weedy" - not suitable for texturing, it looks rather sad and defective.
leon42 believes that the furniture should be brushing the rough and solid, able to convey the natural beauty of wood.
This superficial approach to the aging of the tree, according to forumchanin forms in many people opinion about the products treated by this technology, as "furniture sufferers."Meanwhile, mix in the interior of aged wood with metal, stone or ceramic - always fashionable and stylish device which allows all inhabitants of the house seemed to touch eternity and feel like in the
in vivo aging on wood "work" the wind and moisture, sun and temperature extremes.How to make something that happens over many decades, a few days?
for brushing is best to use a soft to medium hardness wood with a pronounced texture, such as fir, pine or larch.These soft wood fibers are formed, usually in spring and summer, when there is rapid growth of tree rings, and they are more "loose".
tree with smooth and textured unexpressed like beech and maple for the aging is not suitable.
Before working with the tree should prepare its surface.Eliminate all defects and contamination, whether traces of sweat, grease or other stains that may occur during the application of the composition of dubbing.Any product (small architectural forms, furniture, etc.) are processed pre understand: you spend less time and be able to get anywhere with a brush.
brushing (Eng. Brush - «brush"), or texturing of the tree - is giving him relief, typical of the old wood.At the initial stage of solid wood removed soft fibers.There are several treatment options: slight Aging - on the surface creates a barely noticeable roughness or deep and rough when the depth of the irregularities is 2-3 mm (for decorative elements, sometimes - rough furniture).
Can any detail, for example, ceiling beams, pre-treated with an ax: Make notches obteshite edge without fear of ruin - no one but you knows what the result should be.At the same time you get a product with great topographical surface irregularities therein to a depth of 20 mm.
Do not forget the "traces" of life bugs and worms.Simulate them before finishing with a drill or a drill.You can also apply simple elements thread: braids, dragons, etc.- You get a "Scandinavian style."
Grinding: tools and brushes
Large enterprises use machines and automatic lines, where everything is provided - on the feed rate to the workpiece powerful dust extraction.For the average summer resident such equipment is expensive - and, in general, unnecessary pleasure.If you perform work podoobnye often better to buy a brush machine.The most common and widely available - Makita.The most economical and easiest option - "Bulgarian" or a drill, it is desirable - with rotation control.
brushing whole process can be divided into three stages:
- Draft Picks soft fibers
- Grinding Polishing
Accordingly, each of which needs its own brush.In the first stage (brushing) using a metal (kratsovku).If you make facilities for street - gazebo, shed, fence, etc., it is likely it will be your only brush.
When processing a wire brush may be scratch themselves on the annual rings, which are difficult to get rid of for further processing.
When working with kratsovkoy need to adhere to these rules:
- drive brush along the grain, otherwise damage the annual rings of a tree and spoil the image;
- movement speed and brush pressure should be approximately the same, otherwise it will turn the pit;
- light source should be positioned on the side at an acute angle, directing a beam of light across the grain - so you're better able to see the work surface;
- do not press on the surface is, do not overload the engine, otherwise it may cause premature equipment failure;
- rotational speed must not be higher than 3000, it is better - 2000-2500: brush can quickly fly apart;
- necessarily work with glasses, do not neglect and protective gloves: pieces of wire brushes can fly off a few meters, injuring others;
- take care of respiratory protection and dust extraction: during this operation, "powdery ink" covered even eyelashes, to say nothing of the lungs;
- new brush should be "run", otherwise it will be very "mahr" blank after a while it will handle the surface cleaner;
- work only in one direction (rotation), the reverse should not be included - is "kill" a wire brush;
- humidity treated wood should not exceed 15%, otherwise, instead of textured surfaces you get the shaggy-haired.
When processing a stable and solid wood (larch, oak), be sure to use dust extraction systems: the dust of the wood is considered to be carcinogenic and may cause lung cancer.
If you want to get rid of the fluff and get a better finish, you'll need another brush - plastic (nylon), correctly - sanding disk of polymer-abrasive.The most common grain size - 120.
abrasive brushes - Universal, characterized by a more delicate surface treatment.If you use this brush, no metal can do, especially if the handling unit needs delicate handling, or if you want to avoid specific scratches left by kratsovkami.
principle of working with abrasive brushes - the same as with metal.Turnovers better to reduce to 1500, to extend the life of the brush.The dust when working with a plastic brush - a small and sticky, so do not forget the respirator.
Specificity surface treatment:
- no edges were ground-edges and corners pieces, especially if you do not plan and then varnish they will cling and chip;
- not make a deep relief on the seats, tabletops and other horizontal surfaces - they make it difficult to clean the surface: stain of spilled drinks, chips, etc.between the fibers will become clogged;
- to prevent clogging of the dust and hooks cloth during cleaning such surfaces must-abrasive brush and polish with fine sandpaper.
brashirovki final stage - grinding or fine grinding performed: sezalevoy or other synthetic brushes.You can use fine-grained sandpaper, abrasive sponges, metallic wool, removing dust from the finished surface of a wide brush and a vacuum cleaner.
the final stage do toning (color of wood in several colors), patinatsiyu (underscore wood texture special structures, which penetrate into the pores open when brushing) crazing (cracking and cracks of the effect), varnishing.
After brashirovki board will look like new, but with the textured surface.To give it an old look, it covers a variety of compositions, more natural dark colors.
That's the right play with the color of brushed wood gives it a weathered look.Land with soft wood (pores or cavities) is unevenly dyed a darker color, with strong (crests) - a lighter.Recently popular option with lighter and darker troughs crests.
The easiest way - to cause plenty of dark stain and immediately wipe this area with a cloth or a wide rubber spatula.In theory, the stain has to be absorbed quickly into the soft surface, and on the ridges - slowly.However, in practice often it did not work, so leon42ostanovilsya more sophisticated way: after drying combs were ground fine sandpaper.This method requires further processing or colorless lacquer impregnations, so opening the top layer is left without a protective coating.
Another option - use paint in two contrasting colors: the surface is completely paint over the first color, then put the second.While the latter dries, draw a wide rubber spatula, removing excess paint and exposing the crests of the first layer.
correct texturing - simple, but messy, time-consuming and unhealthy process.
As a result of difficult and hard work you will receive a decorative elements, which carry the beauty of antiquity and at the same time have high strength.Every detail is lovingly made with his own hands, it will be unique.
on materials forum participant "Home and Cottage"
Editor: Olga Travin