This school was opened in 1919 and abolished in 1933 by the National Socialists came to power.It is in this institution of the same name has evolved a style of architecture and design.Its ideologues have promoted not only as a Bauhaus style, but as a certain way of thinking.
In 1919, the school founder Walter Gropius described as its purpose: "Bauhaus ... seeks to combine all the arts - sculpture, painting, crafts and visual arts as an integral component of the new architecture."Proponents of the Bauhaus sought to combine different kinds of art and crafts and to improve the status of crafts: design, furniture, engineering, for example - the production of household appliances.And the picture, and a chair, and tea is considered equivalent furnishings for all prisoners in them is: technological, ideological, artistic.
Bauhaus sang clean lines, brevity, simplicity and rationalism, which were to promote the establishment of practicality and functionality to create an environment.Born in the spirit of th
Supporters Bauhaus found much in common in their ideology with Freemasonry, which was created in the Middle Ages guilds based on unique personal view of the world and the idea of equivalence of all arts and crafts.The theoreticians of this movement collaborated with the leading representatives of the various industries and sought to create a community, regardless of the state.Those who came to power, the Nazis saw the Bauhaus followers activities a serious threat.As a result, in 1933 the school was closed.Fleeing persecution, many adherents of the movement moved to the US, where they continued their activities.
And yet, after the Second World War in the 50s.During the Bauhaus has returned to life.Thanks to the Minister of Economics Ludwig Erhard, Germany has become a "economic miracle."Builders began to build the first new buildings adhering to the basic principles of the style - the practicality, functionality and simplicity.Volkswagen "beetle" Vespa moped and private house became symbols of the "economic miracle."Brothers Karl and Alfons Knauf also made its own contribution to the revival of the construction industry.They used gypsum plaster and, a little later - drywall.Thus, the company Knauf began to expand.
more about the evolution of the drywall here.