To "Print" small objects and even human organs we have, we can say, are used to.But the three-dimensional printing of buildings, bridges, automobiles, airplanes still excites the imagination more.But everything goes to the fact that time is not far off when it will be possible to print everything.
A 3-D printer is capable of replacing an entire construction company - said Dr. Behroh Hoshnevis from the University of Southern California.It is engaged in the development of technology Contour Crafting (contour production), allows using construction robots layers print entire buildings from a ceramic material.It is assumed that on an individual project will be to build a separate house, or a series of buildings, which will be immediately all the necessary piping, wiring, drainage and ventilation.
A firm MX3D going to print with two 6-axis industrial robots decorative metal bridge over the canal in Amsterdam.It is reported that the entire printing process will take place on the spot - the robots will beg
3D-printing captures new areas of industry, developing new materials.Already printed not only known materials - plastic, silicone, cement, ceramics, but also develop new ones.
3D-printer-manipulator, which will build a special type of concrete, recently invented in the Netherlands.The composition of the special concrete solution called CyBe, still kept secret.The company claims that this material will cure in just a few minutes, and hydration to be completed within days.Innovation can be used for simple and useful concrete structures, such as sewage pits.Developers argue that the main advantage of the new concrete - in its environmental performance.Firstly, during use is emitted 32% less carbon dioxide than conventional.And secondly, the "green" concrete CyBe fully recyclable.
It is hoped that with the introduction of mass production of 3D-technology mankind closer to the ideal of recycling natural biosphere: the outdated facility will simply redesigned to meet new requirements.
his project to develop a low-cost modular roof systems from recycled plastic introduced the team of Harvard graduates.In fact, it created an alternative to 3D-printed corrugated iron roof, which is traditional for housing in developing countries.In addition to the new material, young scientists have developed a new smart and even the technology of construction of the roof.It does not involve the use of nails and screws, and is based on the lock system, like a child's Lego.Besides, for the manufacture of 3D-printing modular roof system suitable plastic waste local landfills.
for the construction of residential buildings the designers Emerging Objects Corporation have come up with 3D-printed material with passive cooling.
system «Cool Brick» is a 3D-printed porous ceramic bricks, fastened with cement mortar.This brick has three-dimensional lattice structure with micropores and can like a sponge to soak up water.When air passes through the grid, the water evaporates ceramic micropores and air enters the room cooling and humidification.Incidentally, a similar construction technique was used for air conditioning facilities in the days of ancient Egypt and Persia.Modern 3D-printed bricks for easy connection between a have a special shape with a locking system.
Italy Wasp company proposes to build low-cost housing from the mud.The company demonstrated its prototype of 3D-printers Maker Faire at the exhibition in Rome.Two workers have collected four-meter printer for two hours.
Authors of the idea say that the technology is ideal for the rapid construction of housing in poor countries.Certain appeal has the know-how for environmentally conscious people.It has come to build all that is under our feet, so has a "zero cost" - clay, sand, natural fibers, etc.Design printed adobe walls of the house borrowed from Sphecoidea - so these insects make their clay nests.
Scientists predict a gradual transition from industrial mass production to individual production in a home or office.This will save mankind from the accumulation of things.Why store and hoard?After all, at any time, 3D-printer will play again and again, all that is needed.In the future, will be valued not a thing but its information model and its ability to print out some of the unique properties of materials.
For example, the building blocks for building 3D-printing represented by 3D Systems in California, printed from the particulate polymer-portland cement containing no iron oxide.They are distinguished by lightness and durability, aesthetics and practicality.
team of scientists from the College of Environmental Design from the University of California at Berkeley, has created a pavilion of 840 such printing blocks.The construction with smooth lines they called Bloom (Flower).Day of the through-holes of the printed structure natural light, and at night the building is lit by artificial light.As lamp, it illuminates the neighborhood through the same hole.
long as a barrier to ensure that the three-dimensional printing technology is now available as an attribute of each home or office is the high cost of equipment.
Although today there are people for whom 3D-printer - something from the category of home appliances like microwave for us.So, the American Andrew Rudenko made small concrete castle, using a large 3D-Printer own making.
his printed Castle author erected within two years.This included, and the time spent on the development of 3D-printers of small for plastic, which was later upgraded to print the concrete.Pushing the strips of concrete of 10 mm x 30 mm, 3D-printer Layers on each other.Print speed machine - 50 cm for 8 hours.First, as a whole was published the main part of the castle towers were printed separately.
Rudenko set a goal to build a 3D-printed two-storey house.Together with the architect has designed the project, which is planned to use a variety of architectural details - stairs, columns, walls and even a fireplace.All of this will be printed on the same 3D-printer that the owner wants to improve print concrete parts with dimensions up to 10 mx 20 m.
Two American designer - Zachary Schoch and Eugene Lee - came up to build a house of modular 3D-printed parts of a conventional ABS-plastic.The house is easy to carry on any kind of transport to any location.S-shaped portion of each print is perfect for all the main components of the house - walls, roof, floor.Less than a minute such a wall can be assembled from three parts using minimum arsenal of tools.All 3D-printed parts of the hollow inside, so that they can easily be integrated utilities: electrical wiring, ventilation, and plumbing.
as innovation in the architecture presented a development called Solar Bytes Pavilion interdisciplinary design studio DesignLabWorkshop.The designers have created a pavilion with a lot of smart technologies.In each of the 94 3D-printed unique modules "bytes" from transparent plastic integrated LEDs that accumulate and store solar energy.During the day they are charged, and in the dark of this solar energy is uniformly illuminate the pavilion.In addition, each module has a sensor to record the brightness of the sun during the day to automatically adjust the level of light built-in LEDs.
as food waste used to 3D- printing, click here.Technologies for the future are discussed in this section FORUMHOUSE.About non-standard solutions for insulating the house and beautiful tracks tells this video.