In recent years, the word "innovation" is on everyone's lips.It is usually mentioned when it comes to high-tech.High Tech Industry - programming, electronics, automobiles, heavy machinery - have long become regular consumers of innovative products.But when it comes to one of the most conservative sectors - construction, the innovation begin to "stalled".Why is this happening and what can be the benefits of the use of innovative technologies?Says the expert FORUMHOUSE.
In this article we will answer the following questions:
- What is building innovation and technology.
- What materials and construction techniques can be considered innovative.
- What is the benefit of using innovative materials and technologies in low-rise construction.
What are the innovations in the building?
Many developers used to build the old fashioned way, from the materials and technologies that have centuries of history.Of course, the most common building materials - stone, brick and wood - have passed the test of time.Their
Opinion by FORUMHOUSE Gregory Fomin:
- In our country, often begin construction, assuming that the box at home - this is the house itself.As a result, construction is transformed into unfinished or frozen at the stage of construction of the box, becauseto finish and "inzhenerku" means anymore.Or, to "all the money", the house being completed of the cheapest materials - just to enter.
a result of unnecessarily expensive boxes erected buildings, while, to introduce modern innovative approach to construction, you can reduce the cost of this phase, and the released funds to put on the network engineering, home decoration, etc.
How to do it?Anyone FORUMHOUSE knows that construction technology is not standing still.What seemed impossible yesterday - today is a reality.For example, gaining momentum printing technology houses the 3D-printer, what gives details in this material.Or a way to build a house "turnkey" for 3 days.
But whether these innovative technologies?To answer this question, we must understand what is meant by innovation.
Development Director «PirroGrupp » Dmitry Bodrov :
- Innovation is embedded in the construction of innovation, providing qualitative growth of efficiency of processes of erection or use of buildings and structures.Such innovation should also be required by the market, that is to have a practical application.
And down to innovation is not any innovation or innovation, but only one which seriously increases the efficiency of the current system.Innovation - the technology or construction materials - must meet one or more of the criteria:
- simplify and expedite the process of construction;
- reduce the cost of construction or maintenance costs;
- improve the energy efficiency of the facility;
- increase the life cycle of buildings / structures.
specialist Center of innovative technologies in the construction Elizabeth Brovko:
- Innovation is defined as the end result of innovations in the form of new or improved products or technologies used in the process of architectural design.
Innovation (from the English. Innovation) - it's not just a specific technology or a new modern building material, but also fairly broad engineering organizational and legal implementation.
Based on these definitions, we can conclude that the effectiveness of innovation depends on the degree of profitability and demand among developers.In history there are many examples of innovative product or efficient technology put to the side just because of the fact that people just were not ready for them.
This becomes one of the main reasons that the innovative construction technologies and materials in our country is difficult to make their way.On the international market the main locomotive, pulling for a innovative products are construction companies.Their logic is simple: build faster, cheaper, better.We have formed a somewhat different situation.Innovative products often introduce manufacturers of building materials.Why is this happening?A good example - the construction of energy-efficient homes.
In the era of cheap gas heating, few people thought about the construction of a well-insulated house.Simply put, the developer could afford to heat not only the house, but also outside.Now, due to the constant rise in energy prices and the high cost of connecting to the pipe with the "blue fuel", the situation has changed dramatically.A growing number of developers think about building a well-insulated houses where heat loss is minimized.After the heat flowed out through the blown wall, cracks in the windows or doors - it's money thrown into the pipe.Hence - the growing interest of private developers to the recuperator, insulation, energy-efficient foundations for the type of UWB, additional insulation of walls and roofs.That is - to the final product or innovative technology.
about how to calculate the economic feasibility additional warming of the house in relation to our climate, gives details in this article .
on the market today are a lot of effective heaters - from stone and ecowool to the foam glass.The fact that yesterday was only interested in a narrow range of potential developers, today is becoming more widespread.This is not surprising.Indeed, the majority of innovations in construction aimed at energy conservation, asthe economic feasibility of their implementation is visible even in the first year of operation at home.
- One of the most popular areas of innovation in low-rise housing construction is to improve the energy efficiency of a building or, more simply, reduced maintenance costs for heating.
main factor influencing the energy efficiency of buildings - is the efficiency and lifetime of the insulation used.Therefore, in Europe and North America is widely used PIR (PIR) - insulation, insulation is popular in the private housing construction and major components for the creation of passive houses.
addition to innovative products in Russia include the following materials.
is also worth noting that a number of materials, today listed as an innovative, in fact, are "well-forgotten old" - for example, arbolit.
also often is referred to the innovative materials and warm ceramics - aerated large format ceramic block.
The properties of this material gives details here .
What could be the innovative building technology?
To build a house, you must pass through a series of sequential steps, including:
- fill the basement;
- installation of a roof;
- Installation of utilities;
For each of the stages has its own innovative material or method, thereby reducing construction time and reduced costs.
To illustrate some of these techniques are presented in the following table.
The example of prefabricated houses using SIP panels or metal frame (LSTC).
Although this technology is used in the West for a long time, we have, it is still considered innovative.Which is why many developers are suspicious of it, believing that such houses are fragile, short-lived or are not suitable for our climate.While ordinary Finnish house - it does not frame, and the frame house.
Norway, Finland and other Scandinavian countries, the proportion of frame houses is 70% of the total market for low-rise construction.In North America, this proportion is even higher - 85-90%.
no bad building materials.Problems arise because of violations of construction technology at home, wrong use or a combination of these or other materials.
Often, the inertia of thinking, forcing developers to abandon the use of technologies that have long been used in the construction and worked well.This leads to increased construction estimates or reduce performance at home.Case in point - strip foundations with air holes.A significant drawback of this design - the excess humidity in the underground space.Out - construction (as is common in the Nordic countries) on the ground floor or the construction of the foundation UWB.This approach solves the problem of rotting wooden floor the lag of the first floor.
Learn about how you need the air holes in the base, and what are the advantages of UWB foundation, you can by clicking on the first and second link .
course, introduction of innovative technologies related to the additional costs.If you take two identical houses, built of the same material, in the case of further warming, the estimate of the second building could increase by 10-15%.So it profitable use of innovation in the building?
is important to understand that the house is created for years of operation and is not always beneficial to the economy momentary.The use of innovative building materials and techniques construction of houses to be seen in the long term.
costs extra insulation can be recouped within a few years.Set in a house uninterruptible power justify themselves in the first blackout.The construction of the cottage using the "fast" construction methods allow to enter your home in 2-3 months rather than 2-3 years.
Often, the main obstacle to the introduction of innovative products becomes the absence of reliable information, and practice, demonstrating that innovation is "working."The way out of this situation may be "running" of innovative products and technologies on the test facilities.This will gain practical experience necessary for the widespread introduction of innovative products in low-rise construction.
This section discusses the techniques and technologies of the future for home and garden.This material describes the energy-efficient technologies.To learn how to reduce the cost of building a house of aerated concrete, can be found here.From which to build a house?Features wall materials versed in this article.
This video is a detailed story about the building of LSTC.And here is the video of the unusual home-geosphere.