Well, certainly demands attention and respect to him.And if you are at least sometimes will check its condition and resolving a problem, do not hesitate: your attention will pay off handsomely - will serve you well for a long time and regularly.What I tell you with all my heart and wish.
Well demands attention
If anyone of the readers think that taking care of the well is only to sweep away debris around him, he is much mistaken.First of all - is to remove the possible contamination of water and to prevent its destruction.Let's start with the dirt.They come in a wide variety.Moreover, some of them are not prevented.
First of all - this is thermal pollution.It is almost inevitable in any country site, because it includes a number of phenomena, both objective and subjective ...
thermal pollution is very clearly reflected in the fact that every year the soil freezes and thaws in different ways.That much is frozen and later thawed in the spring, on the contrary - freezes very shallow and thus qui
Change thermal mode causes different reactions of living organisms.With increasing temperature accelerates chemical reactions, thermal equilibrium is disturbed, and heat-loving plants and microorganisms rapidly go into growth.The result is greater than usual, the aggressiveness of soil to concrete, wooden and reinforced concrete structures, which are built from the well, and everything that surrounds it.
But if thermal pollution in general, does not depend on man, there are dirt, a direct result of its activities.The main contaminant of soil - groundwater - well you are mineral fertilizers and chemical plant protection from pests.
Soil accumulates well as the necessary elements for the chemical plant, the nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and harmful, for example, heavy metals.Added to this is another important factor.The soils of our region are mainly acidic, needing liming - making lime or dolomite.And immoderate, misuse of these materials will inevitably be washed out of the soil and gets into the groundwater and from there, of course, in your well.Hence the conclusion: in order to avoid this very undesirable phenomenon, it is necessary to carry out the correct agrotechnical cultivation.
very serious pollutant of groundwater is a car.When the repair work, the replacement of oil, washing oil can easily get into the soil, and then leak into the ground water.It should be remembered that the oil - is extremely dangerous pollutant removal from the soil which is practically impossible.This is not water that is at least to some extent can evaporate.Even from the top layer of soil.So try to keep well away from the car, and everything connected with it.
inevitable soil contaminants are toilets.In suburban areas usually dominated by two types of toilets: powders closet, and a cesspool.Powder-closet, quite simply, a toilet with external bucket.In it the feces are collected and then transferred to the compost heap or pit.This suite is more preferred than sinkhole, but the problem of pollution in this case can not be removed, but only perekochёvyvaet on the compost heap or pit.
most simple and, accordingly, the prevailing suburban areas toilet - a cesspool.It usually is dug into the ground metal or plastic barrel, sometimes it is brick or concrete pit.In all cases, carefully seal the cesspool, bearing in mind that the concrete and brickwork are not completely impenetrable.Surprisingly, construction materials (even the most advanced) are much more permeable with respect to the dirty waters and salty solution than to fresh and clean!
main danger associated with pit latrines, are bacteria and micro-organisms - has removed the basis of the content.On this basis in any case should not be allowed flow from cesspools.Because not only yours, but also the wells of neighbors (but who cares today about the neighbors!) Are exposed not only pollution, but also dangerous contamination by bacteria and microorganisms.
I understand how difficult it is to implement it in practice, but the compost pit, heap must be waterproofed as reliably as cesspools.This is extremely essential measure because the compost to improve its quality should be moist.But under the influence of moisture in the compost occurring processes of decay and fermentation emit a lot of heat (remember: in the compost is always hot).This heat, in turn, prevents the freezing of the soil, thereby making it permeable to contaminated solutions in a much more extended period than usual.And often the whole year.
And probably the last kind of pollution - domestic waste water.Kitchen slops usually poured into compost, and I must say that substantial harm they bring.But wastewater from baths, from washing contain detergents, salts, suspended solids.The best option, of course - take the water in the damp-proof construction.But if it does not (and it is in most cases so), try to at least keep the bathroom drains as far as possible from the well.
special talk about animals.Remember what the dog picks up the back foot?So, the wall of the well is very convenient for this purpose.And therefore do not allow animals, including cats, chickens, to the well.
And another thing: do not wash near the well and did not wash.Always remember anciently known expression, "Do not spit in the well - handy water to drink."To this we must add that do not care about the well should not be too ...
reader may ask a legitimate question: how to define - polluted well or not?First of all, we should focus on the taste and color of water.During operation of the well, you, of course, accustomed to a particular taste and color of water in it.Therefore, noting deviations from the usual state of the water, turn it on bacteriological analysis of the district laboratory.And based on the result, begin to act.
few words about prevention.In order for you to realize the importance of this, here is an excerpt from the book of the wells, '... Several times a year to carry out routine inspections of the well. To do this on a long rope falls with reflector light bulb or flashlight powerful enough. But you can use the "sunshineBunny ": early in the morning or in the evening at the wooden house to install a large mirror and send it reflected in the sun's rays on the bottom.
Well you need 3-4 times a year to clean. Birch broom or brush with the steel wall of the well (surface and underwater) to clean off the dirt, mucus, moss and all other growths. Then walls and raised to the surface from the bottom of gravel and crushed stone washed several times with water. After cleaning the well is completely released from the dirty water, disinfected and filled with clean ".
Of course, this advice is too much prevention.Clean well 3-4 times a year !?I think that no one and nowhere does this procedure as often.Yes, quite frankly, and there is no need.No, I do not mind: if there is a desire, time, opportunity, clean well at least every month or more frequently.But is it really necessary?Unlikely.And because almost all of these devoid of common sense, especially book recommendations very, very far from real life.
If you have any suspicions in good well, then we can examine it and try to determine the cause of suspicion.I usually omit the well ladder to climb and without "sunbeams" look around "inside".Clean well, in my opinion, it is necessary once in 5-8 years.The reasonableness of such a measure proved practice.And not just my own.This can be done more frequently, depending on the water quality and, of course, in case of emergency.
When cleaning the well raised from the bottom of the stones the water filter must be carefully inspected and, if they do not cause any doubts, rinsed and fall asleep again.And if they do not wash off, crumble or unpleasant smell, they should be replaced.
There will not be superfluous to recall that, intending to fill in the pit stones for a new water filter, be sure to use only the boulders hardwood: andesite, granite, basalt.And otherwise avoid stones of limestone and other sedimentary rocks.They not only eventually destroyed and thereby pollute the water, but often give it an unpleasant taste.
And yet must be considered here is the fact: frequent vacationers, removing stones from the well, clean it, pumping out the water.This is very dangerous.Especially in sandy soils.The fact is that along with the water pumped out frequently and the soil upon which the ring.And as a result of ill-considered actions under the lower ring of a void.And it is either under its own weight settles, breaking away from the rest, or is without support, is in limbo.It is easy to guess that all this creates sometimes insoluble problems.For example, how to return the ring to its original location or to omit him rest.
Alas, well, like people, grow old with age.He, as a person, in his old age that one hurts the other.However, the well such "sores" are basically two: the cracks in the seams between the rings and the shift rings relative to each other.But if the first trouble leads to the inevitable, already mentioned water pollution in the well, the second one is fraught with far more serious consequences.Often it leads to the impossibility of operating the well.Unfortunately, The case of and so on.
If one day you find that the walls of the well is flowing water or hear the ringing still growing, "drip, drip, drip ...", you know - it's SOS for your well.The signal that the trouble came in the well.And because it pours, and more precisely - open the door to the house and start exploring the mine to determine the place or places of leaks.This occurs most often between the rings 1 and 2 or 2 and 3 (calculated from above).
damaged seal between the rings at the bottom of the groove
Even when during the construction of the well rings between them seems to be reliably connected tight to the wall brackets and joints carefully sealed with waterproof materials, this does not ensure that over time, not in the jointsappear cracks and crevices.
This is due primarily to the fact that the soil is always in continuous movement, the layers constituting it, constantly move in opposite directions.And this being the land of the ring and then feel a lot of pressure and stress.As a result, the seams (fortunately not always) cracks occur.And as the cold water - only aggressive environment, it is able to penetrate into the smallest and microscopic cracks.
In order to get rid of this scourge, we must act immediately.First, try to get rid of slight shock, that is, not bothering to repair complex.To do this, select the day will be dry and flow stops.Promazhte place leakage waterproof materials: glue, paste, pasta, anything, as long as it was safe.Unfortunately, according to my notions, there is no such tool that simultaneously perform two functions.Firstly, it has been hermetically-resistant.Second, stretch would have to close up a widening rift itself.And, perhaps, there is a remedy, but I simply do not know him?So, as they used to say in the Ukraine, "Poshukayte" (ie, search).What if you're lucky.
Fig.2 (top view)
Black paint shaded crevice formed by the shift.This is really "black bar" for you and your pit
If slight shock was unable to escape, you will have to do far more troublesome and serious repair.
Outside rings around a scoop groove width, so that it squeezed the one who will do repairs.The depth of grooves - to the damaged joint (Figure 1).Carefully clean and inspect the joint.Now spread detection of cracks inside and out several layers of waterproof material.Then fill the entire groove viscous clay.In short, erecting a new earthen castle.
Wait a week, two weeks, even a month (in this case it is difficult to say something definite).And do not rush to conclusions.Because it is very possible that the seam will flow again.However, do not swear and take the time to redo the work.It is possible that the clay in a clay castle still insufficiently compacted and that such a joyful moment may yet come: clay block the flow.
But when your hopes, alas, did not materialize, and it did not work then, without delay, again, do it all over again.And so until then, until you eliminate leakage.Just always remember that much easier to get the job done originally as follows, what then redo it.
But the leak - it is, as they say, "flowers" in the well of your trouble ... "Berries" - that offset the rings relative to each other (Figures 2 and 3).This is naiserezneyshaya trouble.There is already fit to shout: "Help!".The reasons for this phenomenon are different ... Whether staples fastening ring is loosely fitted to the walls, and because of the resulting gap, they moved (it happens to the lower ring do not put brackets).Whether you're out of luck - well it proved too mobile soils, leading to deformation of the shaft.In short, it is a formidable phenomenon leads to the fact that in the crack penetrates into the surface water and often fills the well top.So much so that you can just scoop the water hands, without the gate.Just picked up, I leaned over, scooped - all ...
It is clear that such a well is actually disabled.because the water is not suitable either for drinking or cooking.It is good only for irrigation.Public wells in this case, as a rule, thrown.But if the well - your precious property (although it is impossible to sell!), You will naturally begin to torment the question: can we repair it?
repeatedly observed such a sad picture, but because I can not answer: such a well can be repaired, but not everyone.To do this, you must disassemble the entire headroom, ie the ground part of the well - to dig, revealing Moved ring.This will have to actually dig a pit (Figure 3).Then, with the help of the winch, crane and lift to remove all rings up to restudy.
If initially after installing the rings factory conveyance and technological tabs (Figure 4) were not sawed off, but simply to duck to remove rings from the excavation can be without any problems.However, if the ears are cut, have prodalblivat holes in the seams and have them push through cable or wire loops and lift the ring.
Once everything has shifted to the ring removed, set the offset in the same way as the original.That is, as when digging a well.And securely connect them to each other.To this end, not put three or four staples, as usual, but seven or eight (Figure 5).And make sure that they are snug against the walls of the ring is very tight.And carefully seal the joints.At the same time, do the same thing with the other rings, which will be installed on top.I must warn: this work is very difficult, very time consuming.Often, moreover, with unpredictable results and consequences.
From my side no one campaigning, I do not dissuade from such repairs, but only strongly advise you to think carefully: do we need to undertake such kanitelnoe, dreary affair?Is it worth it in such a situation, the game worth the candle?The answer in each case, of course, is different.
But if you are a strong man, not horrifying any difficulties, the risk!And I wish good luck (oh, how it is not superfluous!) And in this place will put the dots ....