prepared and planed parts are fixed together by means of thorns, strictly observing thus a right angle.
Establishing the door begins with the manufacture of the door frame. Such boxes for stone and brick houses are made of planks thickness of about 50-60 mm and a width of 100 mm.Prepared and planed parts are fixed together by means of thorns, strictly observing thus a right angle.
During installation, care must be taken so that the top and bottom boards have been located strictly horizontally, and lateral - strictly vertically. After the door frame is aligned and installed, it must be secure.
To walls the door frame is attached with thick long nails or steel pins. If the house wall made of concrete or brick, in them rather difficult and sometimes even impossible to drive a nail or pin, so pre-drilled at fixing holes for the nails and they inserted wooden plugs - then they will drive a mounting for the doorway.
Installation of doors in the house should be remembered that the thresholds become o
The above description refers to the installation of external doors.Interior doors less massive than the outer and the box for them is not made up of four (two sides, one upper and one lower) bars, and of the three.The design is not the lower horizontal bar, then there is no threshold.
Mounted interior doors too a little differently.They are fixed by means of thick nails.The gap between the frame and the wall is closed frames.
After installing the door frame need to start hanging the door.
For a start it is adjusted for the size of the door frame, sostrugivaya its end face.She hung .On loops and scheduled surplus is removed from the loop and cut it.When the door is finally fitted, it hang already permanently.
hinges on the size chosen.They are fixed only with screws that must fit snugly into the maximum aperture in the loop and the screw heads should be flush with the cards.
loops for hanging doors are hinged and pintle.And they both consist of two parts - halves and a rod (axle).Hinges may be detachable (have removed the rod) and deaf.Pintle hinges may only be removable.
considered more convenient removable hinges.In order to reduce friction between the cards on the pin is worn bronze or brass ring.The very size of loops depends on what size will the door.
There are several varieties of doors.Odnopolnye webs have a width of 850 mm, polutorapolnye consist of two webs of different widths and two equal width webs comprise double doors.The average height of such doors - 2 000 mm.
In addition, the door can be trellised, paneled, glazed.Fabric thickness varies from 30 to 50 mm.
Attach door frames in the openings must be very thoroughly.The gaps between the wall and the box should be zakonopacheny, it will prevent the House from blowing off and fall into the sediment.Caulk the gap between the frame and the wall are two ways.
This dry process.The gap is filled first with a dry tow, slag, or glass wool and tight with a screwdriver or knife.
This method - wet.There are used the same materials as in the first case.But the aggregate pre-moistened in diluted liquid plaster solution.
One variety is the door to the key.It is durable, relatively simple to manufacture and nonconductor.It is collected from the planed boards 40-50 mm thick.On the edges of boards choose quarters or dowels.The thus prepared board placed in series customize finally aligned and pressed, then applied to select risks keyway slots.Grooves are selected on the cone.Their depth is 1 / 2-1 / 4, the total thickness of the board.At the bottom of the slots should have a width of 50 mm and above - 35 mm.
The keys may be conventional, and with overlap, have a trapezoidal shape.They are made from bars having a thickness equal to the thickness of the door boards and a length greater than its width by 100-150 mm.Thick
key is much more convenient, than thin, with them the door is less jarred.First collect the door on dowels, and then examine it and mark acting places after that key boards and knocked again adjusted.Then the keys are driven again, but until it stops.The keys can be driven into boards dry, but you can put them on the casein glue.
DOOR from the bar
This kind of door can be solid or trellised - all depends on its purpose.Finished bars are glued to each other otfugovannymi parties aligned faces and pasted over with plywood or sheets DVP.
Such door gathers from simple bruskov or with facets and kalevkami.Kalevkami can be selected in individual bars.They form a groove depth of 15-20 mm, which is subsequently inserted panels.
If the door is designed for internal installation, panels must have a thickness of 8 to 22 mm when the outer door - up to 50 mm.Make panels of plywood, boards, DVP or DSP.
doors are usually made somewhat larger than the door of the box, then to the door as much as possible to fit the size of the box.Surplus wood is removed, and only after that the door is hung on hinges, and then attach it to the handles, locks, latches and so on. N.
glazed door leaf consists of strapping bars that form a frame and inserted in theHe crossed muntin.Between the frame and decorative lattice via window glazing beads inserted.
Following the fashion, it is possible to install a sliding door in the house.Of course, this option is not suitable as outer.Sliding doors are made only to interior.They can be made independently.
lighter sliding door, the easier it is to handle.The easiest - skeleton door.It is collected from the bars 30 mm thick and 40 mm wide and is coated on both sides of the thin laminated plywood.
lower and upper bars of the door frame for sliding doors made wider as to them rollers are mounted.The diameter of the rollers can be anything.Rollers move along the rail, which is fastened with screws to the floor.
can install door with stained glass.Stained glass suited both transparent and colored, both smooth and grooved.Door with stained-glass window will approach only for installation between rooms, not for outdoor use.
great popularity currently enjoyed sliding accordion doors.They are well suited to the interior of any house, are strong, durable and easy to operate.
Once you have completed the installation of doors, you can proceed directly to the decoration of the doorway.This can be done with the help of casings - external and internal.As a rule, external platbands more massive and beautiful.Sometimes they make a massacre.
usually trims made of pine or spruce planks, sometimes of a linden.Linden trims do in the event that they are supposed to decorative carving.The thickness of the planks is about 20-30 mm.
Interior trim generally have a width of 75-150 mm, but they must be 20-50 mm wider bars of the door frame.
On the front side of the architrave can give any form, choosing them beaded.On the back side, they have to have grooves depth of 5 mm, so that they fit snugly against the wall and the door frame.
On corners platbands connect to the "mustache" for what they are cut at an angle of 45 ° using a miter box or Malki.By itself the door frame trim nails attached with flattened heads.Trying to drive them at a distance of 50-75 mm from each other.Where are loops, platbands should recede from the edge of the door frame at 10-15 mm, ie the thickness of the hinge;in areas where there are no loops, - 6-10 mm.To the frame fastened them before the set plinth.
outer casings are sometimes carved or false details.The thread can be either through or embossed.
Once the installation is finished exterior door, reinforced frames, to take care of the castle.
mortise lock should be located at a distance of 80-110 cm from the floor. first step is to cut the nest under the lock and under the front bar in a bar.This is done using a chisel or a chisel so that the forend flush with the entrance of the bar.
Then you insert the lock and check the fit front plate.Then lock must be removed, measure the distance from kljucheviny to strap and move the bar to the door in such a way that, when you cut the hole in the bar, it was located directly opposite the castle kljucheviny.
Cut a hole for the lock it is better not to one, but on both sides of the bar in turn.Hole kljucheviny best drill a thick drill.Then you need to insert the lock, his screws Bolt, but not to limit (trained), and check its operation key.Instead of the bolt in the door frame or the door cut down a nest depth no more than 5 mm in size slightly larger than the size of the slots in the striker plate.Then this nest at the bar cuticles soft clay, plasticine or putty and smooth down.After that, the door is closed, densely press' and key turn put forward a bolt which leaves a mark on the clay or clay.After that, you must open the door, attach the strike plate to the slot fingerprint so that it was exactly in the center of the slot.
then need to press tightly against the bar, cut around the contour a pencil, leaving risk on which subsequently to choose wood for trims bolt and latch.
Once installed the lock attached to the door handles, chains and bars.
When installed outside the door, immediately warmed her.It is not hard to do with special seals, which can be purchased at the store or make your own.
they did as follows.Take a strip leatherette width 100-120 mm and a length which corresponds to the length of the three bars of the door frame (one vertical and two horizontal).Take another foam strip 3-4 mm in thickness and the same length as the strip leatherette.
then wrapped foam leatherette.Leatherette strip sealed at the junction.
Sealant is beaten along a door box on two vertical bars and the upper horizontal closing a gap between the door frame and the door.
outer door must necessarily open outwards.So it can not be beat.Best Mode strong and reliable door - metal or double.Outside - metal, and internal - of any material.
addition, you must immediately set to the outside of the door safe locks with several degrees of protection.The entrance door should also be inside a solid steel lock or a reliable chain which can not be opened from the outside.Also, the door needs peephole.Today is considered the best eye with a panoramic view of 200 °.
Noise from adjacent premises may be avoided, if you make the outer door soundproof. You can use foam, felt, batting or even an old blanket.This sound absorbing material manufactured laths.
In accordance with the size of the doors of pine slats thickness of about 20 mm and a width of about 30 mm is made frame, which is then attached to the door with the help of cross rails.
The doors bore through apertures, screws;securing the plate to the frame.The pits, which leave screws, it is possible to fill the window with putty, sandpaper to smooth over and cover with oil paint or varnish suitable.
tools for manufacturing and installation of doors need a little, and it is quite simple.
Axe need to adjust the door to the opening, as well as a sample of the wood planks.It should be planted on a reliable, convenient handle and to be acutely sharpened.
Saws will be useful for cross cutting boards and bars.May need two-handed saws, one-handed, luchkovye and mixed sawing.It is worth noting that the smaller the saw teeth, so it is easier to cut, however, labor productivity because of it decreases.
Several different thickness drills will be required for drilling round holes.
also required and Struga - for wood planing when the door will be tailored to fit the opening.All Struga have different names, the form of a piece of iron and length Kolodochka.The glands are single and double.Length kolodochek sherhebelem, planes and other plows - 250 mm, and the jointer - 700 mm.
need a tongue to sample rebates, beaded - for the manufacture of figured elements on details, zenzubel and folding - for picking of folds, fourths, and so on. D.
Surface gauge - Kolodochka with one or two rulers, pegs at the ends and a wedge,which are fixed line.With its help lines-risks held on the bars and boards.
To check the vertical and horizontal mounted boards needed plumb, level and spirit level.Plumb - weight suspended on a long and strong cord.They check the verticality of the set pieces.
Vaterpas - two rails, short and long, with braces and weighty.
Malka - square with the mobile feather fixed with screws.With Malki make building and checking angles.