Batik, Shibori, screen graphics, cyanotype - it's all about painting fabrics.It would seem that today, in the stores, you can find the most intricate fabric colors.But fabric with printed pattern by hand is still highly sought after.Unlike most industrial materials, they have the main thing - sincerity.
art of painting fabrics come to us from the East.The oldest painting depicting dark figures had been found in China and more than two thousand years.In the Middle Ages, a revolution in the world of textiles made of fabric, brought to Europe from India - the finest master drawings applied not only with brushes, but also using wooden stamps.
Turn monophonic otrez linen or silk fabric with a beautiful pattern, then to sew the cloth of her dress or unusual, the power of everyone in the home.On the secrets of painting fabrics readers forumhouse.ru tell our experts.
Remember baby seals from raw potatoes and eraser with which appear on the same leaves and hearts?Artist Julia Corned
beef from St. Petersburg creates drawings on fabric technique of hand taps - with the help of just such signets and made in India wooden stamps.
Yulia Solonina :
- In India, the craft heels are still alive and can be purchased from carvers ready to order stamps or the seal of his sketches.Initially used for the heels of oil paints, but for such a fabric easy to care for.Therefore, today the painting is done in acrylic for textiles.Such fabrics can be safely washed by hand or in a machine in the delicate washing at temperatures up to 30 degrees.It is best suited for the printed cloth, natural fabric - from silk to wool and leather.But the content of synthetics and 30% are sometimes allowed.
way, if interest in drawing on fabrics in you fade away over time, wood dies will be an excellent entertainment for children - with their help even the youngest artists can create on paper a wonderful funny pictures.
A summer Julia collects beautiful leaves and twigs of plants - ferns, clover, maple, red bilberry, to leave their mark on the canvas.It was originally a monochrome printing equipment to produce herbarium - cyanotype.The chemical composition of iron citrate (III) -аммония and potassium ferrocyanide was applied to paper and irradiated with ultraviolet light to yield a blue mark.Today, to create a cyanotype Julia uses ready-American photosensitive dye.
Yulia Solonina :
- The paint is applied to the fabric or paper in a darkened room.On top lay track - be it leaves, flowers - anything you want.Brings to the flare.And, in fact, everything.
addition cyanotype characteristic blue tone, causing the other part, you can get print in brown shades.
Cyanotype Julia corned
reminds cyanotype effect can be achieved and "popular" way with bleach.To apply it on the segment of dark saturated color, you can use a thin stick or, for example, make a pencil eraser circles.In places where will bleach the fabric will lose color.
If your youth fell at the end of the 70's - early 80-ies of XX century, then you probably know how to cook jeans.Fashion for grated and faded jeans appeared in the Soviet Union because of the hippie movement, but to get the clothes in the cult shortage was extremely difficult.Therefore, conventional blue denim, which only managed to get a couple of hours in the kitchen were aged beyond recognition - that is stylish wardrobe items.
themselves unknowingly mods 80s have mastered the basics of the ancient Japanese art of staining tissue - Shibori (or nodular batik).Before you put the blue jeans in a pan with hot water and a loading dose of white, twisted them carefully along the leg or dragging away in several places with rubber bands - for vertical streaks and "stars".
So simple way, replacing the white background to a color dye for fabrics and dark jeans, for example, on a bright T-shirt, you can create it on some incredible patterns.All depends only on your imagination and what would you add, twist, tie up or advance to stitch thread material.For inspiration, we present to you the work of the American shiborista Scott Shane.
in Shibori technique can be interesting to paint not only clothes, but also, for example, to create authentic napkins and a tablecloth for the party in the ethnic style.And even bring hippy style bedroom in bright colors to decorate bed set.
Svetlana Kanarev , artist batichist:
- The planned location for the pattern, you can put a large bead or stone and very hard thing to tie a cord to get a nice picture.If we want to get a clear picture border, the dye is put dry cloth.If, however, before painting the fabric a little moisten border receive more than gentle, blurred.
beets and onions - our best friend
Although modern dye fabrics for the most part safe and environmentally friendly fashion for natural moves of some artists to experiment with natural dyes.So, beet broth and blueberries able to dye the fabric in pink, onion peel give mustard and copper shades, and red cabbage and blackberries will give tissue fibers blue and purple shades.The palette of green fabric stain spinach, in yellow - orange zest.
fabric placed in hot broth for a few hours to get more saturated colors left overnight.And the color disappeared after a few washes, before coloring material is heated for one hour in the fixing solution.If the dye take berries, the saline solution is prepared - half a cup of salt per eight ounce glasses of water.If stained with vegetable broth, cloth boiled vinegar solution - four parts water and one part vinegar.
Another simple technique of painting fabrics - patterning through a stencil.To do this, you like a stencil is applied on top of the fabric and using a sponge, brush or airbrush paint is applied.Tip: do not forget to lay under the oilcloth fabric to avoid staining the table leaked paint.
Instead canvas -
silk Free painting on fabric - batik - the most serious of drawing technique.And here without artistic skills is not enough.
It all starts with a sketch design and transfer it to tracing paper onto the fabric.As applied to the contour of reserving the composition (his purchase already prepared or make yourself from hot wax or a mixture of gasoline, glue and wax).It represents the boundary fill paint and does not allow it to spread.Then the artist starts painting - on scarves and chiffon flowers grow and the whole city, the river and start to boil the fish splash.Then, the paint on the article fastened - wrapped in plain paper and steamed 40-60 minutes over a boiling water tank, and then rinsed in water and vinegar.
already itching hands and can not wait to start the transformation of home textiles?Choose any liked the technique of painting fabrics and start experimenting!In this topic, our forum users share ideas to create original home textiles.About how to choose the "outfit" for Windows, click here.Also we recommend to see our video tutorial on sewing curtains arched.