As for the second problem, here it is about creating a comfortable visual environment.Modern lighting systems allow you to create decorative lighting effects, the atmosphere, causing certain emotions, mood, and completely change the impression of the landscape.From the owner of the estate depends on what will "Parallel world" created in the framework of the familiar geographical and architectural realities.As a rule, all the customer wants - is "to it was beautiful."To help him in this must a professional architect and lighting designer, which, guided by the rules of composition, will offer the most acceptable both aesthetic and practical point of view option.Today we tell about the main techniques available in the arsenal of experts.
This is the most simple functional method which is used for lighting, as a rule, support areas or the perimeter of the site.On the high towers placed floodlight.A very c
traditionally used for these purposes high crown the lamps of various kinds (including the so-called Pushkin's lights, installed along the tracks step by step, in recreation areas etc.).The presence of various fixtures and lenses (glass, hand manufacturing, plastic) provides a fairly wide range.This customer has the opportunity not only to pick the right ceiling configurations color, size, and "construct" as they wish and needs the height of the lamp.In some cases, custom molded or blown own lights.
urged not to cover, as denoted.This method is used to get a particular visual effect: a light contour creation, selection borders pedestrian and automobile tracks or indicate the direction.Selection of means for this purpose is enormous.It may be half-meter stolbiki- "bollards", fiber optic inverted "starry sky", luminous bruschatka- "Rick", etc.The total requirement for such lighting - high degree of protection against mechanical impacts.For example, safety glass illuminated pavers withstand weight up to 2,000 kg.
One of the most effective methods is to cover vegetation and small architectural forms of the site.What makes the landscape acquires unique "distinctive quality".Use at least two basic lighting.On the ground - it's spotlight, portable lamps Acute column for type "spike."Highlighting the top is made with the use of lighting devices that do not harm plants.The basic requirement when using lighting - "invisibility" of lighting fixtures.Quite popular accommodation in the trees garlands with mini lights, all year creating festive "New Year" mood.
most complex, imposing certain technical requirements, but at the same time thankful reception, allowing the right approach to achieve amazing effects.There paramount requirement - powered lighting should be no higher than the voltage of 12 V. This condition is responsible sealed LED and halogen (metal halide) lamps.Well, of course, flexible fiber LEDs, in principle eliminates the question of contact with live parts water.
Efficiency lighting and color characteristics are defined by type Lamp (light source).Therefore, we consider them in detail.
Incandescent - these are ordinary lamp with emitter in the form of wires (filament or spiral) of refractory metal.Wires are heated to a temperature of electric shock 2500-3300 degrees.Disadvantage - the low light output, not to exceed 15 lm / W.However, for decorative lighting and marking this as usually sufficient.The service life of about 1,000 hours.
Halogen lamps - the same incandescent lamp, but in its composition than the inert gas mixture gas includes other halogens (usually iodine or bromine).In this way it is lit brighter and is twice as long as a standard bulb.In the white light of halogen lamps the human eye perceives color very clearly to the surroundings.Their surface is thus seem glossy.The small size and huge choice open to the opportunities in lighting fixtures.Powerful networking galogenki used in projectors.
Metal halide lamps give very bright light (at a power of 35 watts light output is about 3500 lm).Therefore, they are typically used for illumination of facades, crowns of tall trees, Underwater lighting, at least - for floodlighting large areas.Give the opportunity to choose the right colors ranging from warm to cool.
Mercury, sodium lamps are more commonly used in auxiliary purposes, to create a particular decorative effect, as it is considered that they are not perfect color rendition.It is a cold, "Moonlight" (Mercury), or warm, yellowish-orange, simulating an open flame, setting sun, etc.(Sodium).Lifetime - 10000-15000 hours.
CFLs (CFLs) are "collected in the beam" thin tube with a diameter of 10 mm.They are deprived of the main drawbacks of "large" fluorescent lamps - flicker on startup and flashing burning.One of their main advantages - a real energy saving (in comparison with a conventional lamp 5 times).In addition, CFLs offer excellent color reproduction and excellent light distribution.Serve approximately 15,000 hours LED
- among the most promising light sources for the suburban landscape.They are petite, have a good color rendering, efficiency, lack of infrared and ultraviolet radiation.The latter property allows, in particular, to build in lighting devices in the ice or fastened to the trunks of plants, not causes of the latter harm.The color temperature of white LEDs is close to the sunlight.Their obvious benefits - life (100,000 hours or 30 years).
Small beam angle allows the use of LEDs is not there, where large luminous flux.This tool is likely to fine attention to detail: to highlight certain elements, stress relief, provide escort lighting ladders and walkways, to create a system of "light markers," embedded in the ground, paving, retaining walls.And it LEDs are indispensable when it comes to creating a full-color "pictures".Color mixing technology allows build a scenario of, for example, the main color change.
Fiber "gives" the light from the projector to the lens or lens.The light source most commonly used metal halide, halogen, incandescent and LED fixtures.
Flexible fiber-optic fibers are used in if you need to get are not very bright luminous spots of small dimensions (for example, to create a "starry sky" under the feet), or continuous bright lines that mimic the contour of the building, small architectural forms, and so on.d.Since the fiber optic cable transmits no electric current, and direct light (as in the case of LEDs, it does not generate heat), this technology can be used in the most "problematic" areas.This applies to coverage of water bodies, lights, plants, lighting facilities with special requirements for fire safety etc.
lighting project area, as well as landscape design, developed by professionals based on the wishes and preferences of the customer.Options for lighting a the same territory may be infinite.On average, a full implementation of the project cost USD 1500-2000sq.m.Pleasure is not cheap.But what effect!