Electric Planer - an essential tool for anyone who has to deal with the processing of wood, and in the construction or repair it can become an indispensable tool.In the home handyman, usually quite traditional hand planer, but in a private courtyard or summer cottage with wood work is plenty.Bani, farm building, fences, benches and other furniture - the list goes on and on.
elektrorubanok master save a lot of time and effort and will allow to achieve good results.Electroplane adjusted workpiece to the desired size, level surface, remove nicks, burrs and knots, cut edges choose grooves.Planes, of course, is beyond "thin" surface treatment to perfect smoothness of the need for additional tools.But with its main task - roughing wood in large quantities - electric plane, subject to the rules of operation, manages to "excellent."
How and when any of the power, the master, choosing electric plane, it should start from the basic problems in which the instrument is often involved.The important role
played by power tool, which is directly related to its performance.Planer more power Planes "deeper", that is, they can be removed in a single pass a thicker layer of wood.Hand-held power planners are available with a capacity of between 0.5 - 2.2 kW.Above half kilowatts - is, in fact, a professional tool for large-scale works.If you plan to use the plane often and in large quantities - it makes sense to look at the more powerful models.But, as always, it is the rule: the more powerful a tool is, the more it weighs, and the higher the price.Small capacity planes will be convenient to work on weight.Models of average power in the range weigh 2.5-4 kg.
Another indicator - the frequency of rotation of the drum, that is, the number of revolutions that it makes per unit time.This value is very important to consider when choosing a planer, said user FORUMHOUSE wind1wind : the higher the number of revolutions - the better the quality of the cut.The best option, which should be guided in choosing - 15000-16000 rpm.
- Plane does not completely flat surface, and "wave" with a very fine pitch.To this was imperceptible undulation, and increase the number of revolutions and the number of knives on the shaft.These two parameters are important when choosing.
planing width depends on the width of the cutting edge of the knife.The most "running" the size of household knives electroplane - 82, 102 and 110 mm.The higher planing width, the fewer passes required to make a complete surface treatment.
to a process board to a smooth surface with enough planer knives, narrower than the board.However, if the width of the blade does not cover the width of the processed material, perfectly flat surface will not work - at least a minimal "step", but remain.
depth cut - is, in fact, the thickness of the layer of wood, rented a plane in a single pass.In household planers it usually does not exceed 2 mm, more powerful - 4 mm.Most models are available for depth adjustment.
The electric planer knives used removable carbide and hardened steel.Most of them, even carbide can sharpen and rule, but narrow sharpen knives will not work: their design does not mean grinding.For individual models planers Comes tool for sharpening.You can make it, and with his own hands.
- To edit the knives need thicker glass sheets and a pair of good sandpaper.The paper soaked in water, sculpt glass - and more!But this is only for editing, "ushatannye" on nails and bricks knives - only machine.
Sole planer in contact with the treated surface must be flat and smooth.Modern models planers on its surface made subtle grooves - grooves, prevents the formation in the process of "air cushion" between the sole and the material and thus provides, uniform cut.The grooves on the front of the sole designed for chamfering the corners of parts.When selecting the planer on the surface quality of the sole should pay close attention, especially when it comes to low-cost models.
- defect occurring in non-brand planes, - so-called "sole drunk."Check this: exhibit pickup adjustment to zero, the knife displayed at the top position.We are putting a line along the length of the planer, alternately on both sides, so that it lay directly on both platforms.Naprosvet between the ruler and the sole should be no gaps.
When selecting electroplane important to hold the instrument in his hand, to see whether conveniently located for you to handle the tool start button and adjust, if you are satisfied with the weight. Modern power planners have a lot of options and parameters to facilitate the process and fine-tuning operation.But they are all, of course, increases the cost of the tool.Among the most popular options - directed the release of chips to be connected to its collection bag or a vacuum cleaner of the "soft start" and speed control.Here it all depends on the query wizard and his financial capabilities.
useful accessories - a universal ruler, allowing smooth processing surface wider than the width of the planer planing in one pass and slicing at an angle of 90 degrees to the supporting surface.Often these lines are supplied to the planes, but if not - it makes sense to buy it separately.
main work performed electroplane, novice to master easy, but if you follow the simple rules, the tool will serve for a long time and efficiently.Planed should start only after the planer drum included fully gained momentum.And do not just put the maximum cutting depth is better twice removed millimeter by millimeter, than to try to remove the two millimeter at a time.No need to press firmly on the tool: it should be a guide and planing planer must himself, "like clockwork."And for this the knives must be sharp.
Masters, begins working with electroplane not easy to determine when it is necessary sharpening or replacing the blade.Validating nomads advises to use visual methods.If the blades are sharp, smooth surface is obtained.If stupid - it formed rags wood as blades do not cut and tear it.Another feature of the blunt knives - brown from the heat timber, particularly in the knots.
- Even when blunt planer knives in the knots begin to vibrate, as if small bounce knife does not cut and repelled by the dense material.The best thing - to put new blades and try as they take.And then you will know the feeling of sharp knives.And the same sharp knives to try to walk on the bitch, in order to see the difference.
common problem faced by novice master, - shift the material being processed under the plane.Although the plane - one of the safest instruments, the risk of injury, holding the wood by hand, still remains.The problem is solved manufacturing simple lock boards and lateral displacement limiter planer - as advised by Forum wind1wind:
- Width planer base on the bench mount two cubes of no less than the processed board.Planer base should pass between them as closely, but without difficulty.On one end is attached a piece of rail, which will rest on board.In addition, the board can be fixed between the cubes wooden wedge.
to this construction work, as it should, the end of the fence rails and wedge should be slightly smaller in thickness than the planed board advises forumchanin.Wedges must be the contrary, thicker boards treated for about 1 / 2-2 / 3 the thickness of the sole of the planer.Then they will prevent lateral movement of the planer during work.On the other hand, the plane will not touch wedges protruding portions of its structure (the belt cover, motor).
electroplane select Properties, advantages and disadvantages of specific models Gameday discussing this topic.Here you can read the recommendations and to receive advice on the proper operation of electroplane.Experience replacement, sharpening and knives for planers forum users exchanged in this thread.About repairing planers, routers and circular saws looking information here.On the bases of the work electroplane tells this video.