Garden lighting.

By Admin | Electrical Light
19 April 2016

is necessary to pay attention to the lighting of the garden, which, at first glance, it seems simple thing, but this impression is deceptive.

By appointment, as well as to create light lighting effects can be divided into several types.The first thing that comes to mind - it is necessary to illuminate paths leading to the house and porch.This coverage is called "general purpose lighting", although it is usually played not only a purely utilitarian and decorative role.

most traditional, though not the best, one for lighting paths and porch are high "high" lights with incandescent bulbs.These lights are often carried out in the old style, but there are also high-tech options.When using high-lanterns should be considered a caveat - their height should be at least two meters, the lamp located below, at a height of 1.5 - 1.8 m, will dazzle the eye, creating discomfort and, therefore, will not perform its basic function- Creation of security when traveling on site.

incandescent lamps, which attract buye

rs mainly to its low cost, should be replaced with more modern - Halogen Discharge (metal halide, fluorescent, etc.).These legs are more economical, have high luminous efficiency and long life.Of course, they are not without drawbacks.For example, a halogen lamp bulb is heated to high temperatures, so luminaires with such lamps should be placed at a distance from the plant.Low pressure discharge lamps (the more familiar name for us - fluorescent) can not withstand frequent changes of operating mode (on / off), so they can not be used in systems equipped with motion sensors.

It should also be noted that halogen lamps can be used as a replacement for incandescent lamps without any modifications, and discharge lamps require the inclusion in the scheme of ballasts.The disadvantages of gas discharge lamps is the necessity and greater sensitivity to voltage surges.

But the most perspective view lamps used in street lamps are LED lamps.Many people are deterred LED high price, but it's worth to assess their advantages: efficiency, safety and vandal-resistant, long life.The light output of LEDs is 120 lm / watt for comparison: sodium discharge lamps have a light output of 150-220 lumens / watt fluorescent lamps - 60-100 lumens per watt bulb - 10-24 lumens / watt.

When preparing general purpose lighting LEDs are used not only in high-lanterns, they are often used in lamps built into the road surface and select a place where there are height differences, turns, bridges, and so forth. In addition fixtures built into pavingas well as the accompanying lighting used Bollard lights solar-powered, fiber-optic technology.

Bollard bars represent the height from 20 to 150 cm, on top of which is a light source.These lamps are designed to create a soft diffuse glow, so they do not require a lamp, creating a large light output is enough incandescent or low-power fluorescent lamps.From lamps, solar-powered, and do not require bright light, they are usually provided with LEDs, a distinctive feature of these lights is that they have a battery and therefore mobile, if necessary they can be moved and installed anywhere in the infield.

to illuminate the tracks, perhaps the best option is indirekty - lights reflected light in their design there is a reflector directing light stream down.These lights do not dazzle the eye and do not create optical effects that distort the perception of space.In indirektah used metal halide lamps or compact fluorescent lamps.

In recent years, the landscape lighting began to be widely used fiber optic technology.In particular, the accompanying lighting can be used side-firing fibers are absolutely safe for both people and plants.Optical fiber is not heated, it is not transmitted by electricity, so they can be safely placed in the grass and flowers to braid them.In addition, the flexible optical fiber gives a wide scope for a variety of light scenarios and unusual lighting schemes.

Besides purely functional with the help of the above fixtures and lamps in the garden, you can create purely decorative lighting.Using the latest technology, you can create a truly magical compositions, highlighting certain way plants and architectural objects, you can create a certain mood - calm or holiday, mystery, or comfort.Unfortunately, mismanagement or excessive use of lamps with different luminous flux and, in particular, the lamps, which give colored light may give the opposite effect - to make a garden lifeless and dull, give the impression of artificial plants.

For example, the plants look lifeless when their lights pale blue light of high pressure mercury lamp (DRL), but the lamp is suitable for creating the illusion of moonlight.If colored lamps illuminate the plants with colored foliage, all their beauty will disappear, but to illuminate the plants with silver foliage and white colored light is fine.Also, colored light sources are appropriate in the light of the garden in winter, when in nature can only white-blue hue of snow and green tones of conifers.Colored lighting can be used in illumination of reservoirs and building facades, and for lighting plants is still better to use light sources with good color rendition - halogen, metal halide or fluorescent lamps.

Also features colored lighting to create mood lighting garden is necessary to consider several factors: especially the texture and structure of the crown;form and color of plants in various stages of their development;various optical effects created with lighted water bodies in different ways and much more.

To summarize, we can say that it is impossible to create a beautiful and, most importantly, safe garden, and just hanged apart stylish lamps.It is necessary to explore the many aspects and master the different techniques of lighting design space, follow the technical innovations that appear in this area.But "the road by walking", and effort to build a competent lighting infield handsomely repaid pleasure of seeing a nice result.